Durmitor National Park World Heritage Site
Parc national de Durmitor, Montenegro
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The Durmitor (pronounced [durmǐtɔr] or [dǔrmitɔr]) is a massif and the name of a national park in the northwestern Montenegro. The highest peak, Bobotov Kuk, reaches a height of 2,522 meters.
The massif is limited by the Tara River Canyon on the north, the Piva River Canyon on the west, and by the Komarnica River Canyon on the south. To the east, the Durmitor opens to a 1,500 m (4,921 ft) high plateau, called Jezerska Površ (Plateau of Lakes). The Sinjavina mountain is located to the east of Jezerska Površ plateau.
The Durmitor mountain range is for the most part located in Žabljak municipality.
The massif has 48 peaks above 2,000 m (6,562 ft). The highest peaks of Durmitor are:
Durmitor features 18 glacial lakes, scattered over mountain massif and Jezerska Površ plateau. The lakes add significantly to the beauty of the mountain, and have been nicknamed Gorske Oči, or Eyes of the Mountain.
Name Durmitor is probably derived from Balkan Romance (some Romanian/Vlach dialect), and it means "sleeping" (cognate with English dormitory). There are similarly named mountains such as Visitor (visător, "dreaming") and Cipitor (aţipitor, "sleeping") across former Yugoslavia.
The Durmitor National Park, created in 1952, includes the massif of Durmitor, the canyons of Tara, Sušica and Draga rivers and the higher part of the canyon plateau Komarnica, covering the area of 390 km².
It was inscribed on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1980.
80 kilometers long and 1,300 meters deep, the Tara River Canyon in the Durmitor National Park is one of the largest in the world.
Durmitor mountain is the centre of Montenegrin mountain tourism. The tourist facilities are concentrated around the town of Žabljak.
During winter, the main activities on Durmitor are skiing and, increasingly, snowboarding. In the summer, the activities shift to hiking, mountaineering and recreational tourism. One of the most prominent attraction of Durmitor mountain are 18 glacial lakes, best known being Crno Lake.
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