Sign in

Forgot password?

Login here

Not already registered? Sign up now

Hey friend, could you provide us a wikipedia URL with a good description of this protected area?

Please, be sure that you are suggesting an english language wikipedia URL (http://en.wiki....)

mark it as wrong

Ujung Kulon National Park World Heritage Site

Parc national de Ujung Kulon, Indonesia

MARINE PROTECTED AREA

More info about Marine conservation
at www.protectplanetocean.org

Transferring data

Legend
All Photos are provided by Panoramio. Photos are under the copyright of their owners.

Description

Ujung Kulon National Park (means : Western Tip) is located at the westernmost tip of Java, within Banten province of Indonesia. It includes the volcanic island group of Krakatoa and other islands including Panaitan, as well as smaller offshore islets such as Handeuleum and Peucang on the Sunda Strait.

The park encompasses an area of 1,206 km² (443 km² marine), most of which lies on a peninsula reaching into the Indian Ocean. The explosion of nearby Krakatau in 1883 produced a tsunami (giant wave) that eliminated the villages and crops of the coastal areas on the western peninsula, and covered the entire area in a layer of ash averaging 30 cm thick. This caused the total evacuation of the peninsula by humans, thereby allowing it to become a repository for much of Java’s flora and fauna, and most of the remaining lowland forest on the island.

It is Indonesia's first proposed national park and was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1991 for containing the largest remaining lowland rainforest in Java. After the 1883 eruption of Krakatoa, many settlements in the park were wiped out and never repopulated.

Ujung Kulon is the last refuge of the critically endangered Javan rhinoceros after poachers killed in 2010 the last remaining rhino in Cát Tiên National Park of Vietnam, where a small population of 10 or less remained. In Ujung Kulon the population has been estimated at 40-60 in the 1980s. Within 2001-2010 there have been 14 rhino births identified using camera and video traps. Based on recordings taken between February and October 2011, 35 rhinoceros have been identified, of which 22 were males and 13 females. Of these 7 were old, 18 adults, 5 youngsters, and 5 infant rhinos. Increasing from previous years, in 2013 there were 8 calves which 3 of them were female and 50 teenage and adult which 20 of them were female identifying using 120 video cameras functioning at night with moving sensor. It was accurate data, because every rhino has unique morphology as finger print, mainly skin wrinkles around the eyes.

By 2013 feeding areas of Eupatorium odoratum vegetation have been reduced from 10 locations comprising 158 hectares to just 5 locations comprising 20 hectares. Thus competition for feeding ground between the solitary Rhinoceros and Banteng also increased.

The park also protects 57 rare species of plant. The 35 species of mammal include Banteng, Silvery gibbon, Javan lutung, Crab-eating macaque, Javan leopard, Java mouse-deer and Rusa deer. There are also 72 species of reptiles and amphibians, and 240 species of birds.

The status of crocodiles within the park is largely unknown- sightings are rare, but do occasionally occur. There are reports of the false gharial within the park, but these are not confirmed. In addition, the saltwater crocodile was historically present throughout Java's coastal river systems but is currently extinct within these regions. Small, isolated populations of the saltwater crocodile are reported to exist within Ujung Kulon but confirmation is needed.

Parts of today's national park and World Heritage site have been protected since the early 20th century. Krakatoa (or rather, the three minor islets which remain of it) was declared as a Nature Reserve in 1921, followed by Pulau Panaitan and Pulau Peucang Nature Reserve in 1937, the Ujung Kulon Nature Reserve in 1958, the Gunung Honje Nature Reserve in 1967, and most recently Ujung Kulon National Park in 1992. In 2005 the park was designated as an ASEAN Heritage Park.

Description provided through Wikipedia. Is it incorrect? .

Latest activity in this protected area

  • 54b60831cce64518724facfcc0b2dc8c

    Protected Area updated by IUCN, facilitated by UNEP-WCMC

    over 2 years ago

    Modified Geometry, Management Authority, No Take Area km2 and 5 more attributes see details >

Do you want to say something about this protected area? Start a thread

Nearest protected areas

Ujung Kulon

100% COMPLETE

Official Record

  • WDPA ID67726
  • NameUjung Kulon National Park
  • Original NameParc national de Ujung Kulon
  • Country / TerritoryIDN
  • Sub locationID-JB
  • IUCN CategoryNot ApplicableWhat is this?
  • English DesignationWorld Heritage Site
  • Designation TypeInternational
  • StatusInscribed
  • Status Year1991
  • Reported Area km21230.51
  • Marinetrue
  • Reported Marine Area km2443.37
  • No TakeNot Reported
  • No Take Area km20.0
  • Governance TypeNot Reported
  • International Criteria(vii)(x)
  • Management AuthorityNot Reported
  • Management Plan URLNot Reported

100%

complete

0

data gaps
Edit this data

Official Data Provider

IUCN (2012)


The boundaries and names shown, and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

Details

Species information

  • 125

  • Iucn_red_white_small Logogbif

Data provided by GBIF and IUCN

Analysis of Irreplaceability Details

This Protected Area has been assessed and ranked for irreplaceability

Vertex foot

Download this data

KMZ CSV SHP
Polygon editing tools
close

Do you want to exit without save the changes?

Ajax-loader

Thanks friend, Could you tell us where you got this information?

Ouch! Looks like there are errors in your geometry

Close

Sorry, it is not possible to edit this geometry online. In the next few months we will be adding tools to edit complicated boundaries. Please try again soon!