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Whale Sanctuary of El Vizcaino World Heritage Site

Sanctuaire de baleines d'El Vizcaino, Mexico

MARINE PROTECTED AREA

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Description

The El Vizcaíno Biosphere Reserve, created in 1988, is located in Mulegé Municipality in northern Baja California Sur, at the center of the Baja California Peninsula between the Pacific Ocean and Sea of Cortez (or Gulf of California). With a landmass of over 55,555 square-mile (143,600 square km) it is the largest wildlife refuge in all of Latin America and certainly the most diverse.

The Cochimi first inhabited this region over eleven thousand years ago, nomads who came from the north of the American continent. These nomadic wanderers lived in the protection of caves in the Sierra San Francisco mountain range. Travelers making the trek into this mountainous region can still see their cave art.

The animals and plants of this territory have adapted themselves to the region’s extreme desert conditions with little rainfall, intense winds and an ecosystem which has produced thousands of endemic species of plants and animal life found nowhere else in the world.

Animals that have adapted to these extreme conditions include a variety of nocturnals such as coyotes, rodents, and hares; others have adapted to only ingesting water from succulents. Outstanding among the mammals is the Baja California Pronghorn (Antilocapra americana peninsularis), an endemic subspecies of the Pronghorn, which is one of the swiftest mammals on Earth. The last populations of this subspecies can be found in the region. The Vizcaíno is also the habitat of the Desert Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis nelsoni), Mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus peninsulae), and dozens of resident and migratory birds. Of special importance: the ospreys, cormorants, herons, and gulls—and four species of sea turtles. On the coastline and islets there are many marine mammals, such as Northern Elephant Seals (Mirounga angustirostris), California Sea Lions (Zalophus californianus), dolphins, and Gray Whales (Eschrichtius robustus).

Coordinates: 27°47′32″N 114°13′40″W / 27.79222°N 114.22778°W / 27.79222; -114.22778

Description provided through Wikipedia. Is it incorrect? .

Points of interest in Whale Sanctuary of El Vizcaino

Latest activity in this protected area

  • 54b60831cce64518724facfcc0b2dc8c

    Protected Area updated by IUCN, facilitated by UNEP-WCMC

    over 2 years ago

    Modified Geometry, Management Authority, No Take Area km2 and 5 more attributes see details >

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El Vizcaíno

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Official Record

  • WDPA ID68918
  • NameWhale Sanctuary of El Vizcaino
  • Original NameSanctuaire de baleines d'El Vizcaino
  • Country / TerritoryMEX
  • Sub locationMX-BCS
  • IUCN CategoryNot ApplicableWhat is this?
  • English DesignationWorld Heritage Site
  • Designation TypeInternational
  • StatusInscribed
  • Status Year1993
  • Reported Area km23709.5
  • Marinetrue
  • Reported Marine Area km23709.5
  • No TakeNot Reported
  • No Take Area km20.0
  • Governance TypeNot Reported
  • International Criteria(x)
  • Management AuthorityNot Reported
  • Management Plan URLNot Reported

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Official Data Provider

IUCN (2012)


The boundaries and names shown, and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

Details

Species information

  • 47

  • Iucn_red_white_small Logogbif

Data provided by GBIF and IUCN

Analysis of Irreplaceability Details

This Protected Area has been assessed and ranked for irreplaceability

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