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Nordvest-Spitsbergen National Park

Nordvest-Spitsbergen nasjonalpark, Svalbard And Jan Mayen


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Nordvest-Spitsbergen National Park (Norwegian: Nordvest-Spitsbergen nasjonalpark) is located on the Norwegian arctic archipelago of Svalbard and includes parts of north-west Spitsbergen (Albert I Land and Haakon VII Land) and nearby islands such as Danskøya and Moffen. It contains, among other things, warm springs and remains of volcanoes in Bockfjorden.

There are remains of whaling stations and graves from the 17th century. In addition there are remains of several Arctic expeditions, for instance in Virgohamna, Danskøya, the launching point for Swedish engineer S. A. Andrée's failed 1897 attempt to reach the North Pole in a hydrogen balloon. The park was established by royal resolution on 1 June 1973.

The park contains numerous colonies of seabirds, in addition to Svalbard reindeer and arctic fox. It is also a hibernating area for polar bears, and walrus can be found there. About a third of the area, consisting mainly of its sea-cliffs, islands and other coastal features, has been identified as an Important Bird Area (IBA) by BirdLife International because it supports breeding populations of Barnacle and Brent Geese, Common Eiders and Black Guillemots.

The Troll and Jotun hot springs in the park along the edge of the Bockfjorden are the northernmost documented terrestrial hot springs on earth at almost 80 degrees north latitude. The first documentation of these springs was in the late 1800s. Hoel and Haltedahl studied these two hot springs in some detail. They reported that the Jotun hot spring has a temperature of 24.5°C and the Troll hot spring has a temperature of 28.3°C.

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Points of interest in Nordvest-Spitsbergen

Latest activity in this protected area

  • 54b60831cce64518724facfcc0b2dc8c

    Protected Area updated by WCMC WCMC, facilitated by UNEP-WCMC

    about 3 years ago

    Modified Reported Marine Area km2 see details >

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Official Record

  • WDPA ID821
  • NameNordvest-Spitsbergen
  • Original NameNordvest-Spitsbergen nasjonalpark
  • Country / TerritorySJM
  • Sub locationNot Reported
  • IUCN CategoryIIWhat is this?
  • English DesignationNational Park
  • Designation TypeNational
  • StatusDesignated
  • Status Year1973
  • Reported Area km29870.573
  • Marinetrue
  • Reported Marine Area km26231.0
  • No TakeNot Reported
  • No Take Area km20.0
  • Governance TypeFederal or national ministry or agency
  • International CriteriaNot Applicable
  • Management AuthorityNot Reported
  • Management Plan URLNot Reported




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Official Data Provider

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF) - Executive Secretary, Borgir, Nordurslod, 600 Akureyri, Iceland, +3544623350 (2010)

The boundaries and names shown, and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.


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  • Iucn_red_white_small Logogbif

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