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Malpelo Fauna and Flora Sanctuary World Heritage Site

Sanctuaire de faune et de flore de Malpelo, Colombia

MARINE PROTECTED AREA

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at www.protectplanetocean.org

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Description

Malpelo is a small island in the East Pacific Ocean, located about 500 km (310 mi) west of the Colombian mainland. Except for a small military post that is manned by the Colombian Armed Forces, it is uninhabited. It consists of a sheer and barren rock with three high peaks, the highest being Cerro de la Mona with a height of 300 metres (980 ft). It is the only island that rises above the surface from the Malpelo Ridge, which is a solitary volcanic submarine ridge that extends in a northeast-southwest direction with a length of 300 kilometres (190 mi) and a width of 100 kilometres (62 mi). This island is surrounded by a number of offshore rocks. Off the northeast corner are the Tres Mosqueteros. Off the southwest corner are Salomon, Saul, La Gringa, and Escuba. As an oceanic island, this island has never been connected with any other islands or the mainland.

Malpelo Island is composed of Miocene pillow lavas, volcanic breccias, and basaltic dikes that have been dated as being 16 to 17 million years old. This island and the underlying and underwater Malpelo Ridge were created along with the Carnegie Ridge in the Late Miocene by a very complex interaction between the Cocos-Nazca Spreading Centre and the Galápagos hotspot.

At first glance, the island seems to be barren rock, devoid of all vegetation. But deposits of bird guano have helped colonies of algae, lichens, mosses and some shrubs and ferns establish, all of which glean nutrients from the guano. The Malpelo Nature Reserve, a plant and wildlife sanctuary, is defined as a circular area of radius 9.656 kilometres (6.000 mi) centered at 03°58′30″N 81°34′48″W / 3.97500°N 81.58000°W / 3.97500; -81.58000. On July 12, 2006, Malpelo was declared by UNESCO as a natural World Heritage Site. A Colombian foundation is trying to preserve the biodiversity of the site.

Malpelo is home of a unique shark population; swarms of 500 hammerhead sharks and hundreds of silky sharks are frequently seen by diving expeditions, making it a very popular sharkdiving location. Malpelo is one of the few places where the smalltooth sand tiger has been seen alive, in the dive site "El bajo del Monstruo" it is frequently seen.

The Dominion of Melchizedek, an unrecognized micronation known for its involvement in large scale fraud, claims sovereignty over it as a "territory".

Malpelo counts as a separate "entity" for amateur radio credit. Because of the rugged terrain, strong currents, and remote location the island is rarely activated. A DX-pedition occurred in early 2012, with the operators making 195,292 contacts under very difficult conditions.

Description provided through Wikipedia. Is it incorrect? .

Latest activity in this protected area

  • 54b60831cce64518724facfcc0b2dc8c

    Protected Area updated by IUCN, facilitated by UNEP-WCMC

    over 2 years ago

    Modified Geometry, Management Authority, No Take Area km2 and 5 more attributes see details >

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Nearest protected areas

Malpelo

Cerro Hoya

Tonosí

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Official Record

  • WDPA ID902899
  • NameMalpelo Fauna and Flora Sanctuary
  • Original NameSanctuaire de faune et de flore de Malpelo
  • Country / TerritoryCOL
  • Sub locationNot Reported
  • IUCN CategoryNot ApplicableWhat is this?
  • English DesignationWorld Heritage Site
  • Designation TypeInternational
  • StatusInscribed
  • Status Year2006
  • Reported Area km28575.0
  • Marinetrue
  • Reported Marine Area km28571.5
  • No TakeNot Reported
  • No Take Area km20.0
  • Governance TypeNot Reported
  • International Criteria(vii)(ix)
  • Management AuthorityNot Reported
  • Management Plan URLNot Reported

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Official Data Provider

IUCN (2012)


The boundaries and names shown, and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

Details

Species information

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  • Iucn_red_white_small Logogbif

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