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Gitchie Manitou St State Nature Preserve

Gitchie Manitou St, United States

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Description

Coordinates: 43°29′49″N 96°35′31″W / 43.497°N 96.592°W / 43.497; -96.592

Gitchie Manitou is a small (91 acre) nature preserve in Lyon County, in the extreme northwestern corner of Iowa just northwest of Granite, Iowa, or just southeast of Sioux Falls, South Dakota. This natural prairie preserve is noted for its ancient Native American burial mounds and precambrian Sioux Quartzite outcroppings, which are about 1.6 billion years old.

In 1916, the state of Iowa purchased the first 47.5 acres (192,000 m2) for use as a quarry, but later transferred the area to the Board of Conservation.The area was initially classified as a state park, and later a "preserve." It was formally dedicated as a geological, archaeological, historical, and biological preserve in 1969. The preserve was named for the creator spirit in Anishinaabe Indian tradition, Gichi-Manidoo (literally "Great Spirit" or "Great Force of Nature"). The smooth, pink-colored bedrock is the oldest exposed rock in the state.

The preserve was the scene of a 1973 homicide. Four teenagers were killed and a fifth was assaulted. Three men were convicted of the crime and sentenced to life imprisonment.

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Official Record

  • WDPA ID44443117
  • NameGitchie Manitou St
  • Original NameGitchie Manitou St
  • Country / TerritoryUSA
  • Sub locationUS-IA
  • IUCN CategoryIVWhat is this?
  • English DesignationState Nature Preserve
  • Designation TypeNational
  • StatusDesignated
  • Status YearUnknown
  • Reported Area km20.0
  • Marinefalse
  • Governance TypeSub-national ministry or agency
  • International CriteriaNot Applicable
  • Management AuthorityOther State Land
  • Management Plan URLNot Reported

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US Geological Survey (USGS) National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) Gap Analysis Program (GAP) (2010)


The boundaries and names shown, and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

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