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Lagoons of New Caledonia: Reef Diversity and Associated Ecosystems World Heritage Site

Lagons de Nouvelle-Calédonie : diversité récifale et écosystèmes associés, New Caledonia

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Description

The New Caledonia Barrier Reef is located in New Caledonia in the South Pacific, and is the second-longest double-barrier coral reef in the world, after Australia's Great Barrier Reef.

The New Caledonia Barrier reef surrounds Grande Terre, New Caledonia's largest island, as well as the Ile des Pins and several smaller islands, reaching a length of 1,500 kilometres (930 mi). The reef encloses a lagoon of 24,000 square kilometres (9,300 sq mi), which has an average depth of 25 meters (82 ft). The reefs lie up to 30 kilometres (19 mi) from the shore, but extend almost 200 kilometres (120 mi) to the Entrecasteaux reefs in the northwest. This northwestern extension encloses the Belep Islands and other sand cays. Several natural passages open out to the ocean. The Boulari passage, which leads to Noumea, the capital and chief port of New Caledonia, is marked by the Amédée lighthouse.

The reef has great species diversity with a high level of endemism, and is home to endangered dugongs (Dugong dugon), and is an important nesting site for green sea turtle (Chelonia mydas).

Most of the reefs are generally thought to be in good health. Some of the eastern reefs have been damaged by effluent from nickel mining on Grand Terre. Sedimentation from mining, agriculture, and grazing has affected reefs near river mouths, which has been worsened by the destruction of mangrove forests, which help to retain sediment. Some reefs have been buried under several metres of silt.

In the lagoons of New Caledonia there are many water species ranging from plankton to larger fish and even sharks.

In January 2002, the French government proposed listing New Caledonia's reefs as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. UNESCO listed New Caledonia Barrier Reef on the World Heritage List under the name The Lagoons of New Caledonia: Reef Diversity and Associated Ecosystems on 7 July 2008. The Lagoons were listed under three UNESCO categories: 1.Superlative natural Phenomena or natural beauty. 2.Ongoing Biological and ecological processes. 3.Biological Diversity and threatened species.

This part of the lagoon, near Dumbéa and Païta, in the North-West of Nouméa, is not included in the UNESCO world heritage sites.

ASTER image of the lagoons.

Coordinates: 20°24′43″S 164°33′59″E / 20.41194°S 164.56639°E / -20.41194; 164.56639

Description provided through Wikipedia. Is it incorrect? .

Points of interest in Lagoons of New Caledonia: Reef Diversity and Associated Ecosystems

Latest activity in this protected area

  • 54b60831cce64518724facfcc0b2dc8c

    Protected Area updated by IUCN, facilitated by UNEP-WCMC

    about 2 years ago

    Modified Geometry, Management Authority, No Take Area km2 and 6 more attributes see details >

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Official Record

  • WDPA ID903134
  • NameLagoons of New Caledonia: Reef Diversity and Associated Ecosystems
  • Original NameLagons de Nouvelle-Calédonie : diversité récifale et écosystèmes associés
  • Country / TerritoryFRA, NCL
  • Sub locationMarine, Marine
  • IUCN CategoryNot ApplicableWhat is this?
  • English DesignationWorld Heritage Site
  • Designation TypeInternational
  • StatusInscribed
  • Status Year2008
  • Reported Area km215743.13
  • Marinetrue
  • Reported Marine Area km215743.13
  • No TakeNot Reported
  • No Take Area km20.0
  • Governance TypeNot Reported
  • International Criteria(vii)(ix)(x)
  • Management AuthorityNot Reported
  • Management Plan URLNot Reported

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Official Data Provider

IUCN (2011)

Citation:
IUCN\UNEP-WCMC (2011) Updates to World Heritage Sites. UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK.
Details

Species information

  • 9

  • Iucn_red_white_small Logogbif

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