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Ogasawara National Park

Ogasawara, Japan


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Ogasawara National Park (小笠原国立公園, Ogasawara Kokuritsu Kōen?) is a national park in the Ogasawara Islands, located approximately one thousand kilometres to the south of Tokyo, Japan. The park was established in 1972 within the municipality of Ogasawara, itself part of Tokyo. In 2011, the Ogasawara Islands were inscribed upon the UNESCO World Heritage List.

The archipelago is also known as the Bonin Islands, a corruption of munin (無人?), meaning 'uninhabited'. The islands were returned to Japanese administration in 1968 after US Occupation. The Chichijima, Hahajima, and Mukojima clusters are included within the park, but of the three Volcano Islands, Iwo Jima and Minami Iwo Jima are not.

According to the IUCN evaluation for UNESCO, 441 taxa of native plants have been recorded, of which 161 of vascular plants and 88 of woody plants are endemic; the only native mammal is the critically endangered Bonin Flying Fox; of the 195 recorded species of birds, fourteen are on the IUCN Red List; of the two terrestrial reptiles, the Ogasawara Snake-Eyed Skink is endemic; of 1,380 insect species, 379 are endemic; of 134 species of lands snails, 100 are endemic. 40 species of freshwater fish, 23 of cetaceans, 795 of saltwater fish, and 226 of hermatypic coral have been recorded.

Coordinates: 26°52′00″N 142°10′59″E / 26.8667°N 142.183°E / 26.8667; 142.183

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Official Record

  • WDPA ID751
  • NameOgasawara
  • Original NameOgasawara
  • Country / TerritoryJPN
  • Sub locationJP-13
  • IUCN CategoryVWhat is this?
  • English DesignationNational Park
  • Designation TypeNational
  • StatusDesignated
  • Status Year1975
  • Reported Area km2252.0
  • Marinetrue
  • Reported Marine Area km2192.21
  • No TakeNot Reported
  • No Take Area km20.0
  • Governance TypeFederal or national ministry or agency
  • International CriteriaNot Applicable
  • Management AuthorityMinami Kanto National Park and Wildlife Office
  • Management Plan URLNot Reported




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Official Data Provider

Ministry of Environment, Government of Japan (2004)

The boundaries and names shown, and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.


Species information

  • 2

  • Iucn_red_white_small Logogbif

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