1427 Total Protected Areas
23 With management effectiveness evaluations
Terrestrial Protected Areas
Marine Protected Areas
Other effective area-based conservation measures
0 Total Other effective area-based conservation measures
Polygons/Points ratio
Polygons 99%
Points 1%

Terrestrial Protected Areas Coverage

41.04% Coverage

45,503km2 Land Area Protected

110,863km2 Total Land Area

34% 5th National Report Coverage


4.25% With management effectiveness evaluations

4,709km2 Areas Assessed

Marine Protected Areas Coverage

8.11% Coverage

2,852km2 Marine and Coastal Area Protected

35,172km2 Marine Area Protected


0.02% With management effectiveness evaluations

8km2 Areas Assessed

Disclaimer: These statistics might differ from those reported officially by countries due to difference in methodologies and datasets used to assess protected area coverage and differences in the base maps used to measure terrestrial and marine area of a country or territory.

IUCN Management Categories

Governance types

Sources (6)

  1. Common Database on Designated Areas as provided by the European Environment Agency (EEA) Updated: 2020 European Environment Agency (EEA)
  2. Protected Areas of Bulgaria Updated: 2007 Executive Environmental Agency, Bulgaria
  3. UNESCO World Heritage Sites Updated: 2020 IUCN World Heritage Programme
  4. Ramsar Wetlands of International Importance Updated: 2020 Ramsar Secretariat, on behalf of Ramsar Contracting Parties
  5. Natura 2000 Updated: 2020 Directorate-General for Environment (EU) via EEA
  6. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve Updated: 2018 UNESCO-MAB


National designations

  • National Park 3
  • Natural Monument 347
  • Nature Park 11
  • Strict Nature Reserve 55
  • Managed Reserve 35
  • Protected Site 570
  • State Game Husbandries 28

Regional designations

  • Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 234
  • Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 120

International designations

  • UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 10
  • Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 11
  • World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 3

Growth in protected area coverage

The graph excludes status years with no information reported (STAT_YR = 0).

Bulgaria Protected Areas

View all


UNEP-WCMC (2020). Protected Area Profile for Bulgaria from the World Database of Protected Areas, October 2020. Available at: www.protectedplanet.net