122 Total Protected Areas
19 With management effectiveness evaluations
Terrestrial Protected Areas
Marine Protected Areas
Other effective area-based conservation measures
0 Total Other effective area-based conservation measures
Polygons/Points ratio
Polygons 64%
Points 36%

Terrestrial Protected Areas Coverage

15.62% Coverage

1,461,913km2 Land Area Protected

9,361,609km2 Total Land Area

15% 6th National Report Coverage


2.14% With management effectiveness evaluations

200,413km2 Areas Assessed

Marine Protected Areas Coverage

5.48% Coverage

48,126km2 Marine and Coastal Area Protected

878,364km2 Marine Area Protected


0.09% With management effectiveness evaluations

833km2 Areas Assessed

Disclaimer: These statistics might differ from those reported officially by countries due to difference in methodologies and datasets used to assess protected area coverage and differences in the base maps used to measure terrestrial and marine area of a country or territory.

IUCN Management Categories

Governance types

Sources (11)

  1. Nature Reserves of China Updated: 2003 Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  2. UNESCO World Heritage Sites Updated: 2020 IUCN World Heritage Programme
  3. Huang Shan Updated: 1988 Not Reported
  4. World Heritage Convention, Natural Heritage China Updated: 2004 Ministry of Construction, China
  5. Source is currently unknown Updated: - Not Reported
  6. Protected areas of China Updated: 1990 International Cooperation Department, Ministry of Construction, China
  7. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve Updated: 2018 UNESCO-MAB
  8. Ramsar Wetlands of International Importance Updated: 2020 Ramsar Secretariat, on behalf of Ramsar Contracting Parties
  9. Protected Areas of Yunnan Province, China Updated: 2010 Ecology Conservation & Environment Center (ECEC) Kunming Institute of Zoology, China
  10. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve Updated: 2004 Bureau of the International Co-ordinating Council of the MAB Programme (MAB-ICC) (18th Sesssion), UNESCO HQ Paris
  11. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserves Updated: 2012 UNESCO-MAB and UNEP-WCMC


National designations

  • Protected Area 1
  • Scenic Area 18

Regional designations


International designations

  • UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 29
  • World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 18
  • Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 56

Growth in protected area coverage

The graph excludes status years with no information reported (STAT_YR = 0).

China Protected Areas

View all


UNEP-WCMC (2020). Protected Area Profile for China from the World Database of Protected Areas, October 2020. Available at: