82 Total Protected Areas
25 With management effectiveness evaluations
Terrestrial Protected Areas
Marine Protected Areas
Other effective area-based conservation measures
0 Total Other effective area-based conservation measures
Polygons/Points ratio
Polygons 85%
Points 15%

Terrestrial Protected Areas Coverage

21.8% Coverage

56,270km2 Land Area Protected

258,139km2 Total Land Area

20% 6th National Report Coverage


17.66% With management effectiveness evaluations

45,579km2 Areas Assessed

Marine Protected Areas Coverage

13.35% Coverage

144,123km2 Marine and Coastal Area Protected

1,079,901km2 Marine Area Protected


12.9% With management effectiveness evaluations

139,291km2 Areas Assessed

Disclaimer: These statistics might differ from those reported officially by countries due to difference in methodologies and datasets used to assess protected area coverage and differences in the base maps used to measure terrestrial and marine area of a country or territory.

IUCN Management Categories

Governance types

Sources (5)

  1. Ramsar Wetlands of International Importance Updated: 2020 Ramsar Secretariat, on behalf of Ramsar Contracting Parties
  2. National System of Protected Areas, Ecuador Updated: 2020 Unidad de Áreas Protegidas, Dirección Nacional de Biodiversidad, Ministerio del Ambiente
  3. Pueblo Originario Kichwa de Sarayaku Updated: 2020 Pueblo Originario Kichwa de Sarayaku
  4. Galapagos Island Updated: 2004 The Directorate of the Galapagos National Park
  5. UNESCO World Heritage Sites Updated: 2020 IUCN World Heritage Programme


National designations

  • Marine Reserve 5
  • National Park 13
  • Biological Reserve 5
  • Wildlife Refuge 10
  • Ecological Reserve 8
  • Fauna Production Reserve 5
  • National Recreation Area 6
  • Geobotanical Reserve 1
  • Private Protected Area 1
  • Ecological Area of Conservation 3
  • Community Protected Area 2
  • Living Forest of Sarayaku 1

Regional designations


International designations

  • UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 1
  • World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 2
  • Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 19

Growth in protected area coverage

The graph excludes status years with no information reported (STAT_YR = 0).

Ecuador Protected Areas

View all


UNEP-WCMC (2020). Protected Area Profile for Ecuador from the World Database of Protected Areas, November 2020. Available at: