Spain

4086 Total Protected Areas
220 With management effectiveness evaluations
Terrestrial Protected Areas
Marine Protected Areas
Other effective area-based conservation measures
0 Total Other effective area-based conservation measures
Polygons/Points ratio
Polygons 99%
Points 1%

Terrestrial Protected Areas Coverage

28.12% Coverage

142,573km2 Land Area Protected

507,013km2 Total Land Area

27% 0th National Report Coverage

PAME

2.67% With management effectiveness evaluations

13,545km2 Areas Assessed

Marine Protected Areas Coverage

12.76% Coverage

128,316km2 Marine and Coastal Area Protected

1,005,717km2 Marine Area Protected

8% 0th National Report Coverage

PAME

0.07% With management effectiveness evaluations

657km2 Areas Assessed

Disclaimer: These statistics might differ from those reported officially by countries due to difference in methodologies and datasets used to assess protected area coverage and differences in the base maps used to measure terrestrial and marine area of a country or territory.

IUCN Management Categories

Governance types

Sources (16)

  1. Common Database on Designated Areas as provided by the European Environment Agency (EEA) Updated: 2020 European Environment Agency (EEA)
  2. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve Updated: 2018 UNESCO-MAB
  3. UNESCO World Heritage Sites Updated: 2020 IUCN World Heritage Programme
  4. Ramsar Wetlands of International Importance Updated: 2020 Ramsar Secretariat, on behalf of Ramsar Contracting Parties
  5. Specially Protected Areas of Mediterranean Importance Updated: 2020 Regional Activity Centre for Specially Protected Areas (RAC/SPA)
  6. Natura 2000 Updated: 2020 Directorate-General for Environment (EU) via EEA
  7. OSPAR Marine Protected Areas Network Updated: 2020 OSPAR Commission, Victoria House, 37-63 Southampton Row, London, WC1B 4DA, UK
  8. Comunidade do Monte Veciñal en Man Común de Froxán Updated: 2017 Secretary of the Comunidade do Monte Veciñal en Man Común de Froxán
  9. Comunidade de Montes Veciñais en Man Común de Santiago de Covelo Updated: 2017 Comunidade de Montes Veciñais en Man Común de Santiago de Covelo
  10. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve Updated: - UNESCO-MAB
  11. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve Updated: 2006 UNESCO-MAB
  12. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve Updated: 2004 Bureau of the International Co-ordinating Council of the MAB Programme (MAB-ICC) (18th Sesssion), UNESCO HQ Paris
  13. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserves Updated: 2003 UNESCO-MAB
  14. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve Updated: 2007 Dept of G & W
  15. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve Updated: 2005 Bureau of the International Co-ordinating Council of the MAB Programme (MAB-ICC) (19th Sesssion), UNESCO HQ Paris
  16. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserves Updated: 2012 UNESCO-MAB and UNEP-WCMC

Designations

National designations

1816
  • Marine Reserve 11
  • Nature Reserve 112
  • Natural Monument 262
  • Marine Protected Area 2
  • Natural Park 132
  • Protected Landscape 62
  • Nature Place 33
  • Nacional Park 15
  • Biosphere Reserve 1
  • Regional Park 12
  • Periurban Protected Area 21
  • Nature Reserve (Parcial) 64
  • Nature Reserve (Integral) 19
  • Site Of Scientific Interest 91
  • Rural Park 7
  • Natura 2000 286
  • Protected Biotop 8
  • Nature Reserve (Special ) 17
  • Nature Enclave 28
  • Integral Reserve 3
  • Nature Reserve (Wildlife) 13
  • Nature Place (National Interest) 7
  • Nature Place (Local Interest) 75
  • Animal Refuge 1
  • Protected Wetland 5
  • Microreserve 48
  • Periurban Park 11
  • Singular Tree 72
  • Protection Plan 184
  • Site Of National Interest 5
  • Nature Reserve (Management) 3
  • Area Of Regional Interest 4
  • Natural Area (Recreational) 2
  • Fluvial Reserve 6
  • Ecological Corridor 4
  • Natural Monument (National Interest) 1
  • Natural Area (Singular) 5
  • Wetland Site 48
  • Cave 134
  • Private Area (Ecological Interest) 1
  • Ecocultural Corridor 1

Regional designations

2148
  • Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 657
  • Specially Protected Areas of Mediterranean Importance (Barcelona Convention) 9
  • Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 1467
  • Marine Protected Area (OSPAR) 15

International designations

120
  • UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 39
  • Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 75
  • World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 6

Growth in protected area coverage

The graph excludes status years with no information reported (STAT_YR = 0).

Spain Protected Areas

View all

citation

UNEP-WCMC (2020). Protected Area Profile for Spain from the World Database of Protected Areas, November 2020. Available at: www.protectedplanet.net