5499 Total Protected Areas
18 With management effectiveness evaluations
Terrestrial Protected Areas
Marine Protected Areas
Other effective area-based conservation measures
0 Total Other effective area-based conservation measures
Polygons/Points ratio
Polygons 100%
Points 0%

Terrestrial Protected Areas Coverage

27.28% Coverage

149,759km2 Land Area Protected

548,954km2 Total Land Area

30% 6th National Report Coverage


0.91% With management effectiveness evaluations

4,995km2 Areas Assessed

Marine Protected Areas Coverage

50.36% Coverage

173,159km2 Marine and Coastal Area Protected

343,866km2 Marine Area Protected

23% 6th National Report Coverage


0.03% With management effectiveness evaluations

113km2 Areas Assessed

Disclaimer: These statistics might differ from those reported officially by countries due to difference in methodologies and datasets used to assess protected area coverage and differences in the base maps used to measure terrestrial and marine area of a country or territory.

IUCN Management Categories

Governance types

Sources (9)

  1. Common Database on Designated Areas as provided by the European Environment Agency (EEA) Updated: 2020 European Environment Agency (EEA)
  2. Protected Areas of France Updated: 1999 Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, France
  3. UNESCO World Heritage Sites Updated: 2020 IUCN World Heritage Programme
  4. Site Ramsar (France) Updated: 2017 Inventaire National du Patrimoine Naturel
  5. Specially Protected Areas of Mediterranean Importance Updated: 2020 Regional Activity Centre for Specially Protected Areas (RAC/SPA)
  6. Natura 2000 Updated: 2020 Directorate-General for Environment (EU) via EEA
  7. OSPAR Marine Protected Areas Network Updated: 2020 OSPAR Commission, Victoria House, 37-63 Southampton Row, London, WC1B 4DA, UK
  8. Ramsar Wetlands of International Importance Updated: 2020 Ramsar Secretariat, on behalf of Ramsar Contracting Parties
  9. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve Updated: 2018 UNESCO-MAB


National designations

  • National Park - Core Area 8
  • National Nature Reserve 151
  • Regional Nature Park 52
  • Corsican Nature Reserve 7
  • Forest Managed Biological Reserve 173
  • Forest Integral Biological Reserve 82
  • Land Acquired By Conservatoire Du Littoral (National Seaside And Lakeside Conservancy) 595
  • Biotope Protection Order 907
  • National Park - Buffer Zone/Area Of Adhesion 8
  • National Hunting And Wildlife Reserve 10
  • National Park - Integrale Reserve 2
  • Marine Nature Park 6
  • Regional Nature Reserve 173
  • Land Acquired By A Regional Conservatory Of Natural Areas 1448
  • Protected Perimeter Around A National Nature Reserve 8
  • Geotope Protection Order 2

Regional designations

  • Specially Protected Areas of Mediterranean Importance (Barcelona Convention) 5
  • Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 1373
  • Marine Protected Area (OSPAR) 39
  • Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 403

International designations

  • UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 8
  • World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 2
  • Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 37

Growth in protected area coverage

The graph excludes status years with no information reported (STAT_YR = 0).

France Protected Areas

View all


UNEP-WCMC (2020). Protected Area Profile for France from the World Database of Protected Areas, October 2020. Available at: