347 Total Protected Areas
30 With management effectiveness evaluations
Terrestrial Protected Areas
Marine Protected Areas
Other effective area-based conservation measures
0 Total Other effective area-based conservation measures
Polygons/Points ratio
Polygons 99%
Points 1%

Terrestrial Protected Areas Coverage

20.05% Coverage

22,039km2 Land Area Protected

109,922km2 Total Land Area

31% 5th National Report Coverage


10.42% With management effectiveness evaluations

11,454km2 Areas Assessed

Marine Protected Areas Coverage

0.9% Coverage

1,065km2 Marine and Coastal Area Protected

118,336km2 Marine Area Protected


0.87% With management effectiveness evaluations

1,027km2 Areas Assessed

Disclaimer: These statistics might differ from those reported officially by countries due to difference in methodologies and datasets used to assess protected area coverage and differences in the base maps used to measure terrestrial and marine area of a country or territory.

IUCN Management Categories

Governance types

Sources (3)

  1. Sistema Guatemalteco de Areas Protegidas (SIGAP) Updated: 2018 Departamento Unidades de Conservación (DUC), Consejo Nacional de Areas Protegidas (CONAP), Guatemala
  2. UNESCO World Heritage Sites Updated: 2020 IUCN World Heritage Programme
  3. Ramsar Wetlands of International Importance Updated: 2020 Ramsar Secretariat, on behalf of Ramsar Contracting Parties


National designations

  • National Park 20
  • Biological Reserve 1
  • Natural Monument 1
  • Wildlife Refuge 6
  • Biosphere Reserve 3
  • Multiple Use Area 5
  • Protected Biotope 6
  • Cultural Monument 4
  • Watershed Protection Reserve 2
  • Private Natural Reserve 185
  • Permanent closure zone 30
  • Regional Municipal Park 69
  • Recreational natural municipal park 1
  • Regional Park and Natural Recreational Area 1
  • Municipal Forest Reserve 2
  • Water and Forest Reserve 1

Regional designations


International designations

  • UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 2
  • World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 1
  • Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 7

Growth in protected area coverage

The graph excludes status years with no information reported (STAT_YR = 0).

Guatemala Protected Areas

View all


UNEP-WCMC (2020). Protected Area Profile for Guatemala from the World Database of Protected Areas, October 2020. Available at: