672 Total Protected Areas
209 With management effectiveness evaluations
Terrestrial Protected Areas
Marine Protected Areas
Other effective area-based conservation measures
0 Total Other effective area-based conservation measures
Polygons/Points ratio
Polygons 54%
Points 46%

Terrestrial Protected Areas Coverage

5.97% Coverage

182,647km2 Land Area Protected

3,061,193km2 Total Land Area


3.33% With management effectiveness evaluations

101,827km2 Areas Assessed

Marine Protected Areas Coverage

0.17% Coverage

3,928km2 Marine and Coastal Area Protected

2,301,226km2 Marine Area Protected


0.06% With management effectiveness evaluations

1,415km2 Areas Assessed

Disclaimer: These statistics might differ from those reported officially by countries due to difference in methodologies and datasets used to assess protected area coverage and differences in the base maps used to measure terrestrial and marine area of a country or territory.

IUCN Management Categories

Governance types

Sources (20)

  1. Protected areas of India Updated: 2014 Wildlife Insitute India
  2. Assessment and Delineation of Forests Retaining Primary Characters, India Updated: 1982 Forest Survey of India (FSI)
  3. National Parks in India Updated: 1989 Indian Institute of Public Administration
  4. Protected areas of Bangladesh, Bhutan, China (Part), Himalayas, India, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Viet Nam Updated: 2002 Conservation International, Washington, USA
  5. An Ecological Survey of the Protected Area Network of Ladakh Updated: 1989 Department of Wildlife Protection, Jammu and Kashmir Government, India and UNEP-WCMC
  6. UNESCO World Heritage Sites Updated: 2020 IUCN World Heritage Programme
  7. National Parks and Sanctuaries in Maharashta, India Updated: 1989 Not Reported
  8. Source is currently unknown Updated: - Not Reported
  9. Pichavaram mangrove wetland Updated: 2003 Current Science, India
  10. Ramsar Wetlands of International Importance Updated: 2020 Ramsar Secretariat, on behalf of Ramsar Contracting Parties
  11. World Heritage Nomination of Valley of Flowers National Park Updated: 2004 Ministry of Environment and Forests, India
  12. Great Rann Updated: 1992 Not Reported
  13. Wildlife protected area network in India Updated: 1988 Ministry of Environment and Forests and Wildlife, Government of India
  14. Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve Updated: 2004 Not Reported
  15. Protected areas of India Updated: 2003 Department of Protected Areas Network, Wildlife Management & Conservation Education, Wildlife Institute of India
  16. Great Nicobar Updated: 2007 UNEP-WCMC
  17. Namcha Barwa Reserve or Namche Barwa Updated: 2003 Times Atlas
  18. Nanda Devi MAB Biosphere Reserve, India Updated: 2005 IUCN and UNESCO
  19. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve Updated: 2018 UNESCO-MAB
  20. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserves Updated: 2012 UNESCO-MAB and UNEP-WCMC


National designations

  • National Park 116
  • Forest Reserve 1
  • Marine National Park 1
  • Game Reserve 2
  • Sanctuary 498
  • Biosphere Reserve 3
  • Other Area 3
  • Not Reported 1
  • Bird Reserve 1
  • Closed Area 1
  • Conservation Reserve 4

Regional designations


International designations

  • Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 26
  • UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 7
  • World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 8

Growth in protected area coverage

The graph excludes status years with no information reported (STAT_YR = 0).

India Protected Areas

View all


UNEP-WCMC (2020). Protected Area Profile for India from the World Database of Protected Areas, October 2020. Available at: