3925 Total Protected Areas
27 With management effectiveness evaluations
Terrestrial Protected Areas
Marine Protected Areas
Other effective area-based conservation measures
0 Total Other effective area-based conservation measures
Polygons/Points ratio
Polygons 100%
Points 0%

Terrestrial Protected Areas Coverage

21.49% Coverage

64,767km2 Land Area Protected

301,335km2 Total Land Area

21% 6th National Report Coverage


1.43% With management effectiveness evaluations

4,307km2 Areas Assessed

Marine Protected Areas Coverage

9.74% Coverage

52,463km2 Marine and Coastal Area Protected

538,881km2 Marine Area Protected

19% 6th National Report Coverage


0.06% With management effectiveness evaluations

323km2 Areas Assessed

Disclaimer: These statistics might differ from those reported officially by countries due to difference in methodologies and datasets used to assess protected area coverage and differences in the base maps used to measure terrestrial and marine area of a country or territory.

IUCN Management Categories

Governance types

Sources (10)

  1. Common Database on Designated Areas as provided by the European Environment Agency (EEA) Updated: 2020 European Environment Agency (EEA)
  2. Ramsar Wetlands of International Importance Updated: 2020 Ramsar Secretariat, on behalf of Ramsar Contracting Parties
  3. Protected Areas of Italy Updated: 1995 Ministero dell'Ambiente e della Tutela del Territorio e del Mare, Italian Environment Ministry
  4. Specially Protected Areas of Mediterranean Importance Updated: 2020 Regional Activity Centre for Specially Protected Areas (RAC/SPA)
  5. UNESCO World Heritage Sites Updated: 2020 IUCN World Heritage Programme
  6. Natura 2000 Updated: 2020 Directorate-General for Environment (EU) via EEA
  7. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve Updated: 2018 UNESCO-MAB
  8. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserves Updated: 2003 UNESCO-MAB
  9. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve Updated: 2006 UNESCO-MAB
  10. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve Updated: 2004 Bureau of the International Co-ordinating Council of the MAB Programme (MAB-ICC) (18th Sesssion), UNESCO HQ Paris


National designations

  • National Park 25
  • State Nature Reserve 149
  • Regional/Provincial Nature Park 134
  • Regional/Provincial Nature Reserve 365
  • Natural Marine Reserve And Natural Protected Marine Areas 29
  • Other Protected Natural Regional Areas 171
  • International Significance Natural Marine Area 1
  • Others 2

Regional designations

  • Specially Protected Areas of Mediterranean Importance (Barcelona Convention) 11
  • Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 2342
  • Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 627

International designations

  • UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 8
  • Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 56
  • World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 5

Growth in protected area coverage

The graph excludes status years with no information reported (STAT_YR = 0).

Italy Protected Areas

View all


UNEP-WCMC (2020). Protected Area Profile for Italy from the World Database of Protected Areas, October 2020. Available at: