409 Total Protected Areas
40 With management effectiveness evaluations
Terrestrial Protected Areas
Marine Protected Areas
Other effective area-based conservation measures
0 Total Other effective area-based conservation measures
Polygons/Points ratio
Polygons 65%
Points 35%

Terrestrial Protected Areas Coverage

12.39% Coverage

72,683km2 Land Area Protected

586,770km2 Total Land Area

8% 5th National Report Coverage


5.15% With management effectiveness evaluations

30,215km2 Areas Assessed

Marine Protected Areas Coverage

0.76% Coverage

857km2 Marine and Coastal Area Protected

112,400km2 Marine Area Protected


0.07% With management effectiveness evaluations

74km2 Areas Assessed

Disclaimer: These statistics might differ from those reported officially by countries due to difference in methodologies and datasets used to assess protected area coverage and differences in the base maps used to measure terrestrial and marine area of a country or territory.

IUCN Management Categories

Governance types

Sources (14)

  1. Ramsar Wetlands of International Importance Updated: 2020 Ramsar Secretariat, on behalf of Ramsar Contracting Parties
  2. LMMAs of the Western Indian Ocean Database Updated: 2012 Blue Ventures, London, UK
  3. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve Updated: 2018 UNESCO-MAB
  4. Source is currently unknown Updated: - Not Reported
  5. Forest Reserves of Kenya Updated: 1993 Kenya Indigenous Forest Conservation Programme (KIFCON)
  6. Protected areas of Kenya Updated: 2020 Kenya Wildlife Service (KWS)
  7. Privately protected areas of Kenya Updated: 2014 Zeitz Foundation, Kenya
  8. Protected areas and community conservation areas in Kenya Updated: 2012 African Wildlife Foundation (AWF)
  9. Mara North Conservancy Updated: 2019 Mara North Conservancy
  10. Community-owned conservancies in Kenya Updated: 2012 Northern Rangelands Trust (NRT), Kenya
  11. UNESCO World Heritage Sites Updated: 2020 IUCN World Heritage Programme
  12. Kaya Forests Kenya Updated: 2009 Coastal Forest Conservation Unit, National Museums of Kenya
  13. Forest Administrative Boundaries and Stations, Kenya Updated: 1980 Survey Branch of the Kenya Forest Department
  14. Protected areas of Kenya Updated: 2003 UNEP, Nairobi, Kenya


National designations

  • Nature Reserve 2
  • National Park 23
  • Forest Reserve 234
  • Private Reserve 16
  • National Reserve 30
  • National Sanctuary 5
  • Marine National Park 4
  • Wildlife Sanctuary 1
  • Community Nature Reserve 28
  • Marine National Reserve 6
  • Locally Managed Marine Area 9
  • Not Reported 5
  • Private Ranch 4
  • Game Sanctuary 1
  • Community Conservancy 21
  • Community Wildlife Sanctuary 1
  • Private Nature Reserve 1
  • Private Protected Area 2
  • Group Ranch 1

Regional designations


International designations

  • UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 6
  • World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 3
  • Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 6

Growth in protected area coverage

The graph excludes status years with no information reported (STAT_YR = 0).

Kenya Protected Areas

View all


UNEP-WCMC (2020). Protected Area Profile for Kenya from the World Database of Protected Areas, December 2020. Available at: