Sri Lanka

660 Total Protected Areas
2 With management effectiveness evaluations
Terrestrial Protected Areas
Marine Protected Areas
Other effective area-based conservation measures
0 Total Other effective area-based conservation measures
Polygons/Points ratio
Polygons 99%
Points 1%

Terrestrial Protected Areas Coverage

29.86% Coverage

19,897km2 Land Area Protected

66,632km2 Total Land Area

28% 5th National Report Coverage


0.95% With management effectiveness evaluations

634km2 Areas Assessed

Marine Protected Areas Coverage

0.07% Coverage

399km2 Marine and Coastal Area Protected

534,085km2 Marine Area Protected


0.0% With management effectiveness evaluations

0km2 Areas Assessed

Disclaimer: These statistics might differ from those reported officially by countries due to difference in methodologies and datasets used to assess protected area coverage and differences in the base maps used to measure terrestrial and marine area of a country or territory.

IUCN Management Categories

Governance types

Sources (6)

  1. Protected areas in Sri Lanka Updated: 2015 Forest Department of Sri Lanka
  2. Protected Areas System for Sri Lanka's Natural Forests Updated: 1997 Environmental Management Division, Forest Department, Ministry of Lands, Agriculture and Forestry, Sri Lanka
  3. Road Map of Sri Lanka - (2nd Edition) Updated: 1990 Department of Wildlife Conservation, Sri Lanka
  4. UNESCO World Heritage Sites Updated: 2020 IUCN World Heritage Programme
  5. Ramsar Wetlands of International Importance Updated: 2020 Ramsar Secretariat, on behalf of Ramsar Contracting Parties
  6. Sri Lanka Sanctuaries Updated: 2005 Sri Lanka Wildlife Conservation Society (SLWCS) & Department of Wildlife Conservation (DWLC)


National designations

  • Nature Reserve 7
  • National Park 17
  • Forest Reserve 94
  • Strict Nature Reserve 3
  • Sanctuary 56
  • Jungle Corridor 1
  • National Heritage Wilderness Area 1
  • Reserved Forest 384
  • Conservation Forest 62
  • Other State Forest 23

Regional designations


International designations

  • Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 6
  • UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 4
  • World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 2

Growth in protected area coverage

The graph excludes status years with no information reported (STAT_YR = 0).

Sri Lanka Protected Areas

View all


UNEP-WCMC (2020). Protected Area Profile for Sri Lanka from the World Database of Protected Areas, October 2020. Available at: