1121 Total Protected Areas
7 With management effectiveness evaluations
Terrestrial Protected Areas
Marine Protected Areas
Other effective area-based conservation measures
0 Total Other effective area-based conservation measures
Polygons/Points ratio
Polygons 100%
Points 0%

Terrestrial Protected Areas Coverage

18.19% Coverage

11,735km2 Land Area Protected

64,502km2 Total Land Area

17% 5th National Report Coverage


1.07% With management effectiveness evaluations

689km2 Areas Assessed

Marine Protected Areas Coverage

16.04% Coverage

4,632km2 Marine and Coastal Area Protected

28,880km2 Marine Area Protected


0.3% With management effectiveness evaluations

88km2 Areas Assessed

Disclaimer: These statistics might differ from those reported officially by countries due to difference in methodologies and datasets used to assess protected area coverage and differences in the base maps used to measure terrestrial and marine area of a country or territory.

IUCN Management Categories

Governance types

Sources (5)

  1. Common Database on Designated Areas as provided by the European Environment Agency (EEA) Updated: 2020 European Environment Agency (EEA)
  2. Ramsar Wetlands of International Importance Updated: 2020 Ramsar Secretariat, on behalf of Ramsar Contracting Parties
  3. Natura 2000 Updated: 2020 Directorate-General for Environment (EU) via EEA
  4. HELCOM Baltic Sea Protected Areas (BSPA) Updated: 2020 Helsinki Commission (HELCOM) (Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission), Katajanokanlaituri 6 B, FI-00160, Helsinki, Finland
  5. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve Updated: 2018 UNESCO-MAB


National designations

  • Nature Monument 324
  • Nature Reserve 262
  • National Park 4
  • Nature Park 42
  • Strict Nature Reserve 4
  • Biosphere Reserve 2
  • Protected Landscape Area 10
  • Micro-Reserve 25
  • Protected Marine Area 7

Regional designations

  • Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 329
  • Baltic Sea Protected Area (HELCOM) 7
  • Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 98

International designations

  • UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 1
  • Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 6

Growth in protected area coverage

The graph excludes status years with no information reported (STAT_YR = 0).

Latvia Protected Areas

View all


UNEP-WCMC (2020). Protected Area Profile for Latvia from the World Database of Protected Areas, October 2020. Available at: