171 Total Protected Areas
71 With management effectiveness evaluations
Terrestrial Protected Areas
Marine Protected Areas
Other effective area-based conservation measures
0 Total Other effective area-based conservation measures
Polygons/Points ratio
Polygons 95%
Points 5%

Terrestrial Protected Areas Coverage

7.49% Coverage

44,521km2 Land Area Protected

594,719km2 Total Land Area


6.37% With management effectiveness evaluations

37,912km2 Areas Assessed

Marine Protected Areas Coverage

0.91% Coverage

11,018km2 Marine and Coastal Area Protected

1,205,825km2 Marine Area Protected


0.34% With management effectiveness evaluations

4,137km2 Areas Assessed

Disclaimer: These statistics might differ from those reported officially by countries due to difference in methodologies and datasets used to assess protected area coverage and differences in the base maps used to measure terrestrial and marine area of a country or territory.

IUCN Management Categories

Governance types

Sources (4)

  1. Protected areas of Madagascar Updated: 2020 Ministry of Environment
  2. UNESCO World Heritage Sites Updated: 2020 IUCN World Heritage Programme
  3. Ramsar Wetlands of International Importance Updated: 2020 Ramsar Secretariat, on behalf of Ramsar Contracting Parties
  4. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve Updated: 2018 UNESCO-MAB


National designations

  • National Park 71
  • Marine Park 1
  • Natural Park 1
  • Strict Nature Reserve 2
  • Special Reserve 21
  • Locally Managed Marine Area 27
  • Hunting Reserve 1
  • Paysage Harmonieux Protégé 16
  • Reserve de ressource naturel 1
  • Réserve de Ressources Naturelles 1
  • New Protected Area 4
  • Nouvelle Aire Protégée 1

Regional designations


International designations

  • UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 3
  • World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 2
  • Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 19

Growth in protected area coverage

The graph excludes status years with no information reported (STAT_YR = 0).

Madagascar Protected Areas

View all


UNEP-WCMC (2020). Protected Area Profile for Madagascar from the World Database of Protected Areas, October 2020. Available at: