1000 Total Protected Areas
13 With management effectiveness evaluations
Terrestrial Protected Areas
Marine Protected Areas
Other effective area-based conservation measures
0 Total Other effective area-based conservation measures
Polygons/Points ratio
Polygons 97%
Points 3%

Terrestrial Protected Areas Coverage

13.93% Coverage

127,359km2 Land Area Protected

914,306km2 Total Land Area

6% 5th National Report Coverage


1.6% With management effectiveness evaluations

14,588km2 Areas Assessed

Marine Protected Areas Coverage

0.02% Coverage

31km2 Marine and Coastal Area Protected

182,868km2 Marine Area Protected


0.0% With management effectiveness evaluations

0km2 Areas Assessed

Disclaimer: These statistics might differ from those reported officially by countries due to difference in methodologies and datasets used to assess protected area coverage and differences in the base maps used to measure terrestrial and marine area of a country or territory.

IUCN Management Categories

Governance types

Sources (13)

  1. Protected areas of Nigeria Updated: 1990 Nigerian Conservation Foundation
  2. Protected areas of Nigeria Updated: 1978 Government of Nigeria, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Federal Department of Forestry
  3. Protected Areas of the Cross River region Updated: 2006 Not Reported
  4. Ramsar Wetlands of International Importance Updated: 2020 Ramsar Secretariat, on behalf of Ramsar Contracting Parties
  5. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve Updated: 2018 UNESCO-MAB
  6. Source is currently unknown Updated: - Not Reported
  7. Game Reserves in Nigeria Updated: 1991 Nigerian Conservation Foundation
  8. Chad Basin Updated: 2003 National Parks Service, Nigeria
  9. Protected Areas of Nigeria Updated: 2007 Federal Ministry of Environment, Nigeria.
  10. Game reserves of Nigeria Updated: 1986 Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources (MANR), Nigeria
  11. Baturiya Wetlands Updated: 1991 Not Reported
  12. Kuyambana Updated: 1993 National Parks Service, Nigeria
  13. Forest reserves Nigeria Updated: 1978 Federal Department of Forestry, Nigeria


National designations

  • National Park 12
  • Forest Reserve 933
  • Wildlife Sanctuary 2
  • Strict Nature Reserve 5
  • Game Reserve 35
  • Community Forest 1

Regional designations


International designations

  • UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 1
  • Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 11

Growth in protected area coverage

The graph excludes status years with no information reported (STAT_YR = 0).

Nigeria Protected Areas

View all


UNEP-WCMC (2020). Protected Area Profile for Nigeria from the World Database of Protected Areas, October 2020. Available at: