95 Total Protected Areas
32 With management effectiveness evaluations
Terrestrial Protected Areas
Marine Protected Areas
Other effective area-based conservation measures
0 Total Other effective area-based conservation measures
Polygons/Points ratio
Polygons 88%
Points 12%

Terrestrial Protected Areas Coverage

37.23% Coverage

48,104km2 Land Area Protected

129,222km2 Total Land Area


4.85% With management effectiveness evaluations

6,265km2 Areas Assessed

Marine Protected Areas Coverage

2.97% Coverage

6,660km2 Marine and Coastal Area Protected

223,935km2 Marine Area Protected


0.01% With management effectiveness evaluations

15km2 Areas Assessed

Disclaimer: These statistics might differ from those reported officially by countries due to difference in methodologies and datasets used to assess protected area coverage and differences in the base maps used to measure terrestrial and marine area of a country or territory.

IUCN Management Categories

Governance types

Sources (4)

  1. Sistema Nacional de Areas Protegidas (SINAP) de Nicaragua Updated: 2007 Sistema Nacional de Información Ambiental (SINIA), Chile, Dirección General de Patrimonio Natural (DGPN) and Ministerio del Ambiente y los Recursos Naturales (MARENA), Nicaragua
  2. Ramsar Wetlands of International Importance Updated: 2020 Ramsar Secretariat, on behalf of Ramsar Contracting Parties
  3. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve Updated: 2018 UNESCO-MAB
  4. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserves Updated: 2012 UNESCO-MAB and UNEP-WCMC


National designations

  • Nature Reserve 57
  • National Park 3
  • Biological Reserve 2
  • Wildlife Refuge 9
  • National Monument 3
  • Biosphere Reserve 2
  • Not Reported 1
  • Genetic Resources Reserve 3
  • Historical Monument 1
  • Landscape and/or Marine Protected 2

Regional designations


International designations

  • UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 3
  • Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 9

Growth in protected area coverage

The graph excludes status years with no information reported (STAT_YR = 0).

Nicaragua Protected Areas

View all


UNEP-WCMC (2020). Protected Area Profile for Nicaragua from the World Database of Protected Areas, October 2020. Available at: