95 Total Protected Areas
42 With management effectiveness evaluations
Terrestrial Protected Areas
Marine Protected Areas
Other effective area-based conservation measures
0 Total Other effective area-based conservation measures
Polygons/Points ratio
Polygons 67%
Points 33%

Terrestrial Protected Areas Coverage

20.89% Coverage

15,773km2 Land Area Protected

75,498km2 Total Land Area

32% 6th National Report Coverage


19.69% With management effectiveness evaluations

14,868km2 Areas Assessed

Marine Protected Areas Coverage

1.68% Coverage

5,593km2 Marine and Coastal Area Protected

332,643km2 Marine Area Protected

14% 6th National Report Coverage


1.42% With management effectiveness evaluations

4,735km2 Areas Assessed

Disclaimer: These statistics might differ from those reported officially by countries due to difference in methodologies and datasets used to assess protected area coverage and differences in the base maps used to measure terrestrial and marine area of a country or territory.

IUCN Management Categories

Governance types

Sources (4)

  1. Sistema Nacional de Areas Protegidas (SINAP) de Panama Updated: 2009 Administración de Sistemas de Información Ambiental, Dirección de Areas Protegidas y Vida Silvestre, Autoridad Nacional del Ambiente (ANAM), Panama
  2. UNESCO World Heritage Sites Updated: 2020 IUCN World Heritage Programme
  3. Ramsar Wetlands of International Importance Updated: 2020 Ramsar Secretariat, on behalf of Ramsar Contracting Parties
  4. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve Updated: 2018 UNESCO-MAB


National designations

  • National Park 11
  • Forest Reserve 7
  • Natural Monument 4
  • Wildlife Refuge 8
  • Marine National Park 2
  • Protected Landscape 2
  • Wilderness Area 1
  • Multiple Use Area 3
  • Protected Forest 1
  • Not Reported 29
  • Recreation Area 2
  • Wetland of International Importance 6
  • Watershed Reserve 3
  • Special Zone of Marine Protection 1
  • International Park 1
  • Biological Corridor 1
  • Hydrological Reserve 3

Regional designations


International designations

  • UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 2
  • World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 3
  • Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 5

Growth in protected area coverage

The graph excludes status years with no information reported (STAT_YR = 0).

Panama Protected Areas

View all


UNEP-WCMC (2020). Protected Area Profile for Panama from the World Database of Protected Areas, October 2020. Available at: