263 Total Protected Areas
74 With management effectiveness evaluations
Terrestrial Protected Areas
Marine Protected Areas
Other effective area-based conservation measures
0 Total Other effective area-based conservation measures
Polygons/Points ratio
Polygons 97%
Points 3%

Terrestrial Protected Areas Coverage

21.53% Coverage

279,620km2 Land Area Protected

1,298,537km2 Total Land Area

17% 6th National Report Coverage


14.1% With management effectiveness evaluations

183,112km2 Areas Assessed

Marine Protected Areas Coverage

0.48% Coverage

4,037km2 Marine and Coastal Area Protected

838,330km2 Marine Area Protected

0% 6th National Report Coverage


0.48% With management effectiveness evaluations

4,031km2 Areas Assessed

Disclaimer: These statistics might differ from those reported officially by countries due to difference in methodologies and datasets used to assess protected area coverage and differences in the base maps used to measure terrestrial and marine area of a country or territory.

IUCN Management Categories

Governance types

Sources (5)

  1. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserves Updated: 2012 UNESCO-MAB and UNEP-WCMC
  2. Ramsar Wetlands of International Importance Updated: 2020 Ramsar Secretariat, on behalf of Ramsar Contracting Parties
  3. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve Updated: 2018 UNESCO-MAB
  4. Protected Areas of Peru Updated: 2020 Operativa Funcional de Gestion de la Informacion del SERNANP; Responsable de la GestiĆ³n del InformaciĆ³n Espacial del SERNANP
  5. UNESCO World Heritage Sites Updated: 2020 IUCN World Heritage Programme


National designations

  • National Park 15
  • National Reserve 15
  • National Sanctuary 9
  • Historic Sanctuary 4
  • Wildlife Refuge 3
  • Protection Forest 6
  • Communal Reserve 10
  • Hunting Preserve 2
  • Landscape Reserve 2
  • Restricted Zone 9
  • Regional Conservation Area 25
  • Private Conservation Area 142

Regional designations


International designations

  • UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 4
  • World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 4
  • Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 13

Growth in protected area coverage

The graph excludes status years with no information reported (STAT_YR = 0).

Peru Protected Areas

View all


UNEP-WCMC (2020). Protected Area Profile for Peru from the World Database of Protected Areas, November 2020. Available at: