Portugal

456 Total Protected Areas
45 With management effectiveness evaluations
Terrestrial Protected Areas
Marine Protected Areas
Other effective area-based conservation measures
0 Total Other effective area-based conservation measures
Polygons/Points ratio
Polygons 98%
Points 2%

Terrestrial Protected Areas Coverage

22.91% Coverage

21,112km2 Land Area Protected

92,141km2 Total Land Area

22% 5th National Report Coverage

PAME

11.72% With management effectiveness evaluations

10,801km2 Areas Assessed

Marine Protected Areas Coverage

16.82% Coverage

289,974km2 Marine and Coastal Area Protected

1,724,156km2 Marine Area Protected

PAME

0.12% With management effectiveness evaluations

2,140km2 Areas Assessed

Disclaimer: These statistics might differ from those reported officially by countries due to difference in methodologies and datasets used to assess protected area coverage and differences in the base maps used to measure terrestrial and marine area of a country or territory.

IUCN Management Categories

Governance types

Sources (8)

  1. Common Database on Designated Areas as provided by the European Environment Agency (EEA) Updated: 2020 European Environment Agency (EEA)
  2. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve Updated: 2018 UNESCO-MAB
  3. Ramsar Wetlands of International Importance Updated: 2020 Ramsar Secretariat, on behalf of Ramsar Contracting Parties
  4. UNESCO World Heritage Sites Updated: 2020 IUCN World Heritage Programme
  5. Natura 2000 Updated: 2020 Directorate-General for Environment (EU) via EEA
  6. Zonas Húmidas RAMSAR (Portugal) Updated: 2017 Informação Geográfica Portugal
  7. OSPAR Marine Protected Areas Network Updated: 2020 OSPAR Commission, Victoria House, 37-63 Southampton Row, London, WC1B 4DA, UK
  8. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserves Updated: 2012 UNESCO-MAB and UNEP-WCMC

Designations

National designations

234
  • Nature Reserve 36
  • National Park 1
  • Marine Park 2
  • Natural Monument 20
  • Nature Park 14
  • Protected Landscape 29
  • Partial Reserve 9
  • Botanical Reserve 1
  • Habitats Or Species Management Protected Area 54
  • Local Nature Reserve 2
  • Private Protected Area 1
  • Other 1
  • Leisure And Mountain Reserve 9
  • Geological And High Altitude Vegetation Reserve 1
  • Silence And Tranquility Area 4
  • Resource Management Protected Area 34
  • Integral Natural Reserve 6
  • Regional Protected Landscape 3
  • Local Protected Landscape 5
  • Regional Natural Park 1
  • Partial Nature Reserve 1

Regional designations

183
  • Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 108
  • Marine Protected Area (OSPAR) 13
  • Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 62

International designations

39
  • UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 7
  • World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 1
  • Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 31

Growth in protected area coverage

The graph excludes status years with no information reported (STAT_YR = 0).

Portugal Protected Areas

View all

citation

UNEP-WCMC (2020). Protected Area Profile for Portugal from the World Database of Protected Areas, October 2020. Available at: www.protectedplanet.net