Russian Federation

11252 Total Protected Areas
234 With management effectiveness evaluations
Terrestrial Protected Areas
Marine Protected Areas
Other effective area-based conservation measures
0 Total Other effective area-based conservation measures
Polygons/Points ratio
Polygons 19%
Points 81%

Terrestrial Protected Areas Coverage

9.73% Coverage

1,641,401km2 Land Area Protected

16,874,836km2 Total Land Area

12% 5th National Report Coverage

PAME

3.69% With management effectiveness evaluations

622,160km2 Areas Assessed

Marine Protected Areas Coverage

2.97% Coverage

228,247km2 Marine and Coastal Area Protected

7,673,314km2 Marine Area Protected

PAME

2.37% With management effectiveness evaluations

181,483km2 Areas Assessed

Disclaimer: These statistics might differ from those reported officially by countries due to difference in methodologies and datasets used to assess protected area coverage and differences in the base maps used to measure terrestrial and marine area of a country or territory.

IUCN Management Categories

Governance types

Sources (6)

  1. Ramsar Wetlands of International Importance Updated: 2020 Ramsar Secretariat, on behalf of Ramsar Contracting Parties
  2. UNESCO World Heritage Sites Updated: 2020 IUCN World Heritage Programme
  3. HELCOM Baltic Sea Protected Areas (BSPA) Updated: 2020 Helsinki Commission (HELCOM) (Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission), Katajanokanlaituri 6 B, FI-00160, Helsinki, Finland
  4. Protected Areas of Baikal Lake region of the Russian Federation Updated: 2003 FSI 'VNIIprirody' Minprirody of the Russian Federation, Protected Areas Laboratory, Usad'ba Znamenskoe-Sadki, Moscow, Russian Federation
  5. Transboundary Protected Areas Parks for Peace Updated: 1997 UNEP-WCMC
  6. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserves Updated: 2012 UNESCO-MAB and UNEP-WCMC

Designations

National designations

11160
  • Nature Monument 7834
  • National Park 31
  • Nature Park 25
  • Protected Landscape 300
  • Zapovednik 93
  • State Complex Area 1
  • Protected Forest 3
  • Resource Reserve 35
  • Forest Park 10
  • Other Area 12
  • Not Reported 33
  • Zakaznik 2256
  • Recreation Area 19
  • Historical-natural Museum / Zapovednik 16
  • Zakaznik (Federal) 62
  • Nature Sanctuary or Partial Reserve 1
  • Managed Resource Protected Area 34
  • Zakaznik (project) 55
  • Buffer Zone (adjacent to Zapovednik) 12
  • Not reported 67
  • National Park (project) 9
  • Other Area (project) 17
  • Health Restoration Resort 8
  • Reserved Territory 11
  • Zapovednik (project) 7
  • Resource Reserve (project) 3
  • Historical-natural Protected Site 42
  • Buffer Zone (adjacent to National Park) 1
  • Nature Monument (Federal) 27
  • Botanical Garden 5
  • Geological Polygon 2
  • Nature Monument (project) 14
  • Nature Park (project) 12
  • Natural-ethnic Territory 3
  • Nature park (project) 1
  • Genetic Reserve 82
  • Dendrarium 8
  • Preserved Green Belt 9

Regional designations

6
  • Baltic Sea Protected Area (HELCOM) 6

International designations

86
  • UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 40
  • Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 35
  • World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 11

Growth in protected area coverage

The graph excludes status years with no information reported (STAT_YR = 0).

Russian Federation Protected Areas

View all

citation

UNEP-WCMC (2020). Protected Area Profile for Russian Federation from the World Database of Protected Areas, November 2020. Available at: www.protectedplanet.net