238 Total Protected Areas
39 With management effectiveness evaluations
Terrestrial Protected Areas
Marine Protected Areas
Other effective area-based conservation measures
0 Total Other effective area-based conservation measures
Polygons/Points ratio
Polygons 88%
Points 12%

Terrestrial Protected Areas Coverage

18.81% Coverage

97,391km2 Land Area Protected

517,787km2 Total Land Area


7.56% With management effectiveness evaluations

39,158km2 Areas Assessed

Marine Protected Areas Coverage

1.88% Coverage

5,774km2 Marine and Coastal Area Protected

306,891km2 Marine Area Protected

20% 6th National Report Coverage


0.0% With management effectiveness evaluations

0km2 Areas Assessed

Disclaimer: These statistics might differ from those reported officially by countries due to difference in methodologies and datasets used to assess protected area coverage and differences in the base maps used to measure terrestrial and marine area of a country or territory.

IUCN Management Categories

Governance types

Sources (6)

  1. Protected Areas of Thailand Updated: 2010 Department of National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation, Thailand
  2. GIS dataset supplied by ARCBC - ASEAN (Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam) Updated: 2004 Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Regional Centre for Nature Conservation (ARCBC)
  3. UNESCO World Heritage Sites Updated: 2020 IUCN World Heritage Programme
  4. Ramsar Wetlands of International Importance Updated: 2020 Ramsar Secretariat, on behalf of Ramsar Contracting Parties
  5. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve Updated: 2018 UNESCO-MAB
  6. Protected Areas of Thailand Updated: 1996 Not Reported


National designations

  • National Park 120
  • Marine National Park 24
  • National Park and ASEAN Heritage Park 3
  • Wildlife Sanctuary 58
  • Non Hunting Area 13

Regional designations


International designations

  • UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 4
  • World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 2
  • Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 14

Growth in protected area coverage

The graph excludes status years with no information reported (STAT_YR = 0).

Thailand Protected Areas

View all


UNEP-WCMC (2020). Protected Area Profile for Thailand from the World Database of Protected Areas, October 2020. Available at: