United Republic of Tanzania

838 Total Protected Areas
175 With management effectiveness evaluations
Terrestrial Protected Areas
Marine Protected Areas
Other effective area-based conservation measures
0 Total Other effective area-based conservation measures
Polygons/Points ratio
Polygons 99%
Points 1%

Terrestrial Protected Areas Coverage

38.24% Coverage

362,264km2 Land Area Protected

947,253km2 Total Land Area

55% 6th National Report Coverage


12.38% With management effectiveness evaluations

117,232km2 Areas Assessed

Marine Protected Areas Coverage

3.02% Coverage

7,330km2 Marine and Coastal Area Protected

243,130km2 Marine Area Protected

7% 6th National Report Coverage


1.67% With management effectiveness evaluations

4,070km2 Areas Assessed

Disclaimer: These statistics might differ from those reported officially by countries due to difference in methodologies and datasets used to assess protected area coverage and differences in the base maps used to measure terrestrial and marine area of a country or territory.

IUCN Management Categories

Governance types

Sources (10)

  1. National Parks of Tanzania Updated: 2016 Tanzania National Parks (TANAPA)
  2. UNESCO World Heritage Sites Updated: 2020 IUCN World Heritage Programme
  3. Forest Reserves of Tanzania Updated: 2020 Tanzania Forest Services (TFS) Agency
  4. Tanzanian Protected Areas Updated: 2009 GIS Section, Land Use Commission, Division of Forestry and Beekeeping, Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism, Tanzania
  5. Chumbe Island Coral Park (CHICOP) Updated: 2017 Chumbe Island Coral Park (CHICOP)
  6. Protected areas of Tanzania Updated: 2010 WWF’s Conservation Science Program (CSP), USA
  7. Ramsar Wetlands of International Importance Updated: 2020 Ramsar Secretariat, on behalf of Ramsar Contracting Parties
  8. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve Updated: 2018 UNESCO-MAB
  9. Tanzania Protected Areas Updated: 2009 WWF US
  10. LMMAs of the Western Indian Ocean Database Updated: 2012 Blue Ventures, London, UK


National designations

  • Marine Reserve 2
  • Nature Reserve 1
  • National Park 17
  • Marine Park 2
  • Forest Reserve 682
  • Game Reserve 19
  • Conservation Area 4
  • Wildlife Management Area 14
  • Locally Managed Marine Area 1
  • Open area 24
  • Game controlled area 19
  • Sanctuary and Closed Forest Reserve 1
  • Nature Forest Reserve 17
  • Forest Plantation 23
  • Collaborative Fishery Management Area 1

Regional designations


International designations

  • UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 3
  • Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 4
  • World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 4

Growth in protected area coverage

The graph excludes status years with no information reported (STAT_YR = 0).

United Republic of Tanzania Protected Areas

View all


UNEP-WCMC (2020). Protected Area Profile for United Republic of Tanzania from the World Database of Protected Areas, November 2020. Available at: www.protectedplanet.net