Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

251 Total Protected Areas
56 With management effectiveness evaluations
Terrestrial Protected Areas
Marine Protected Areas
Other effective area-based conservation measures
0 Total Other effective area-based conservation measures
Polygons/Points ratio
Polygons 49%
Points 51%

Terrestrial Protected Areas Coverage

54.14% Coverage

496,701km2 Land Area Protected

917,368km2 Total Land Area


15.95% With management effectiveness evaluations

146,353km2 Areas Assessed

Marine Protected Areas Coverage

3.49% Coverage

16,500km2 Marine and Coastal Area Protected

473,325km2 Marine Area Protected


1.64% With management effectiveness evaluations

7,760km2 Areas Assessed

Disclaimer: These statistics might differ from those reported officially by countries due to difference in methodologies and datasets used to assess protected area coverage and differences in the base maps used to measure terrestrial and marine area of a country or territory.

IUCN Management Categories

Governance types

Sources (13)

  1. Republica de Venezuela - Areas Bajo Regimen de Administracion Especial Updated: 1991 Ministerio del Ambiente y de los Recursos Naturales Renovables and Servicio Autónomo Forestal Venezolano (SEFORVEN), Venezuela
  2. UNESCO World Heritage Sites Updated: 2020 IUCN World Heritage Programme
  3. Ramsar Wetlands of International Importance Updated: 2020 Ramsar Secretariat, on behalf of Ramsar Contracting Parties
  4. Global system of marine protected areas Updated: 1995 IUCN, the World Bank and Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority
  5. Protected areas of Venezuela Updated: 1992 Ministerio del Ambiente y los Recursos Naturales Renovables (MARNR), Venezuelan Department of Environment
  6. Protected areas of Venezuela Updated: 1996 Fundación para la Defensa de la Naturaleza (FUDENA), Caracas, Venezuela
  7. Source is currently unknown Updated: - Not Reported
  8. Rural development areas in Venezuela Updated: 1991 Instituto Nacional de Parques (INPARQUES), Venezuela
  9. Protected areas of Venezuela Updated: 1996 Instituto Nacional de Recursos Naturales (INRENA), Venezuela
  10. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve Updated: 2018 UNESCO-MAB
  11. Meseta La Galera Protected Area Updated: 2004 Bioparques, Venezuela
  12. Marine and coastal areas of Venezuela Updated: 1995 Fundación para la Defensa de la Naturaleza (FUDENA), Caracas, Venezuela
  13. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserves Updated: 2012 UNESCO-MAB and UNEP-WCMC


National designations

  • National Park 46
  • Forest Reserve 10
  • Natural Monument 34
  • Wildlife Refuge 6
  • Wildlife Reserve 5
  • Biosphere Reserve 2
  • Other Area 7
  • Protective Zone 54
  • Forest Plot 8
  • Hydrological Reserve 10
  • Federal Dependency 1
  • Critical Priority Area 7
  • Littoral Park 1
  • Rural Development Area 7
  • Zone of Agricultural Development 6
  • Forest Area under Protection 39

Regional designations


International designations

  • UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 2
  • World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 1
  • Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 5

Growth in protected area coverage

The graph excludes status years with no information reported (STAT_YR = 0).

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Protected Areas

View all


UNEP-WCMC (2020). Protected Area Profile for Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) from the World Database of Protected Areas, October 2020. Available at: