Viet Nam

209 Total Protected Areas
48 With management effectiveness evaluations
Terrestrial Protected Areas
Marine Protected Areas
Other effective area-based conservation measures
0 Total Other effective area-based conservation measures
Polygons/Points ratio
Polygons 90%
Points 10%

Terrestrial Protected Areas Coverage

7.58% Coverage

24,994km2 Land Area Protected

329,880km2 Total Land Area

7% 5th National Report Coverage


4.09% With management effectiveness evaluations

13,487km2 Areas Assessed

Marine Protected Areas Coverage

0.56% Coverage

3,630km2 Marine and Coastal Area Protected

647,232km2 Marine Area Protected


0.11% With management effectiveness evaluations

716km2 Areas Assessed

Disclaimer: These statistics might differ from those reported officially by countries due to difference in methodologies and datasets used to assess protected area coverage and differences in the base maps used to measure terrestrial and marine area of a country or territory.

IUCN Management Categories

Governance types

Sources (6)

  1. Vietnam protected areas Updated: 2015 Department of Nature Conservation Vietnam Administration of Forestry
  2. Ramsar Wetlands of International Importance Updated: 2020 Ramsar Secretariat, on behalf of Ramsar Contracting Parties
  3. Vietnam Man and Biosphere Reserves Updated: 2009 Vietnam MAB Committee
  4. UNESCO World Heritage Sites Updated: 2020 IUCN World Heritage Programme
  5. Protected Areas of Vietnam Updated: 2001 BirdLife International
  6. Protected Areas ASEAN (Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam) Updated: 2004 Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Regional Centre for Nature Conservation (ARCBC)


National designations

  • Nature Reserve 90
  • National Park 32
  • Marine Protected Area 22
  • Cultural and Historical Site 42
  • National Park - Buffer Zone 2
  • Special Use Forest 1
  • Wetland Protected Area 1

Regional designations


International designations

  • UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 8
  • World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 3
  • Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 8

Growth in protected area coverage

The graph excludes status years with no information reported (STAT_YR = 0).

Viet Nam Protected Areas

View all


UNEP-WCMC (2020). Protected Area Profile for Viet Nam from the World Database of Protected Areas, October 2020. Available at: