2059 Total Protected Areas
379 With management effectiveness evaluations
Terrestrial Protected Areas
Marine Protected Areas
Other effective area-based conservation measures
0 Total Other effective area-based conservation measures
Polygons/Points ratio
Polygons 100%
Points 0%

Terrestrial Protected Areas Coverage

15.43% Coverage

4,733km2 Land Area Protected

30,683km2 Total Land Area

13% 6th National Report Coverage


12.6% With management effectiveness evaluations

3,867km2 Areas Assessed

Marine Protected Areas Coverage

36.65% Coverage

1,270km2 Marine and Coastal Area Protected

3,465km2 Marine Area Protected

36% 6th National Report Coverage


0.19% With management effectiveness evaluations

7km2 Areas Assessed

Disclaimer: These statistics might differ from those reported officially by countries due to difference in methodologies and datasets used to assess protected area coverage and differences in the base maps used to measure terrestrial and marine area of a country or territory.

IUCN Management Categories

Governance types

Sources (5)

  1. Common Database on Designated Areas as provided by the European Environment Agency (EEA) Updated: 2020 European Environment Agency (EEA)
  2. Ramsar Wetlands of International Importance Updated: 2020 Ramsar Secretariat, on behalf of Ramsar Contracting Parties
  3. UNESCO World Heritage Sites Updated: 2020 IUCN World Heritage Programme
  4. Natura 2000 Updated: 2020 Directorate-General for Environment (EU) via EEA
  5. OSPAR Marine Protected Areas Network Updated: 2020 OSPAR Commission, Victoria House, 37-63 Southampton Row, London, WC1B 4DA, UK


National designations

  • State Nature Reserve (Walloon Region) 223
  • Regional Nature Reserve (Flemish Region) 70
  • Certified Nature Reserve (Walloon Region) 172
  • Scientific Interest Site (Walloon Region) 153
  • Certified Nature Reserve (Flemish Region) 358
  • Forest Reserve (Walloon Region) 19
  • Protected Dunes (Flemish Region) 104
  • Forest Reserve (Flemish Region) 62
  • Flemish Ecological Network (Flemish Region) 228
  • Certified Forest Reserve (Flemish Region) 16
  • Regional Nature Reserve (Brussels Capital Region) 13
  • Forest Reserve (Brussels Capital Region) 2
  • Military Zones (Flemish Region) 23
  • Protected Zone In The Forest (Brussels Capital Region) 4
  • Certified Nature Reserve (Brussels Capital Region) 3
  • Nature Management Plan Type 4 (Flemish Region) 8
  • Nature Management Plan Type 3 (Flemish Region) 13
  • Extended Forest Management Plan (Flemish Region) 5
  • Nature Management Plan Type 2 (Flemish Region) 35

Regional designations

  • Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 281
  • Marine Protected Area (OSPAR) 2
  • Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 255

International designations

  • Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 9
  • World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 1

Growth in protected area coverage

The graph excludes status years with no information reported (STAT_YR = 0).

Belgium Protected Areas

View all


UNEP-WCMC (2020). Protected Area Profile for Belgium from the World Database of Protected Areas, October 2020. Available at: