23102 Total Protected Areas
20 With management effectiveness evaluations
Terrestrial Protected Areas
Marine Protected Areas
Other effective area-based conservation measures
0 Total Other effective area-based conservation measures
Polygons/Points ratio
Polygons 100%
Points 0%

Terrestrial Protected Areas Coverage

37.8% Coverage

135,166km2 Land Area Protected

357,584km2 Total Land Area


0.56% With management effectiveness evaluations

2,017km2 Areas Assessed

Marine Protected Areas Coverage

45.39% Coverage

25,580km2 Marine and Coastal Area Protected

56,358km2 Marine Area Protected

0% 5th National Report Coverage


14.62% With management effectiveness evaluations

8,238km2 Areas Assessed

Disclaimer: These statistics might differ from those reported officially by countries due to difference in methodologies and datasets used to assess protected area coverage and differences in the base maps used to measure terrestrial and marine area of a country or territory.

IUCN Management Categories

Governance types

Sources (9)

  1. Common Database on Designated Areas as provided by the European Environment Agency (EEA) Updated: 2020 European Environment Agency (EEA)
  2. Waddensea Updated: 1997 Common Wadden Sea Secretariat Virchowstr. 1 D-26382 Wilhelmshaven Germany
  3. Ramsar Wetlands of International Importance Updated: 2020 Ramsar Secretariat, on behalf of Ramsar Contracting Parties
  4. UNESCO World Heritage Sites Updated: 2020 IUCN World Heritage Programme
  5. Natura 2000 Updated: 2020 Directorate-General for Environment (EU) via EEA
  6. HELCOM Baltic Sea Protected Areas (BSPA) Updated: 2020 Helsinki Commission (HELCOM) (Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission), Katajanokanlaituri 6 B, FI-00160, Helsinki, Finland
  7. OSPAR Marine Protected Areas Network Updated: 2020 OSPAR Commission, Victoria House, 37-63 Southampton Row, London, WC1B 4DA, UK
  8. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve Updated: 2018 UNESCO-MAB
  9. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserves Updated: 2012 UNESCO-MAB and UNEP-WCMC


National designations

  • Nature Reserve 8846
  • National Park 16
  • Landscape Protection Area 8880
  • Nature Monuments 4

Regional designations

  • Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 4544
  • Marine Protected Area (OSPAR) 6
  • Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 742
  • Baltic Sea Protected Area (HELCOM) 12

International designations

  • UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 15
  • World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 3
  • Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 34

Growth in protected area coverage

The graph excludes status years with no information reported (STAT_YR = 0).

Germany Protected Areas

View all


UNEP-WCMC (2020). Protected Area Profile for Germany from the World Database of Protected Areas, October 2020. Available at: