16046 Total Protected Areas
161 With management effectiveness evaluations
Terrestrial Protected Areas
Marine Protected Areas
Other effective area-based conservation measures
0 Total Other effective area-based conservation measures
Polygons/Points ratio
Polygons 100%
Points 0%

Terrestrial Protected Areas Coverage

13.3% Coverage

44,913km2 Land Area Protected

337,726km2 Total Land Area

14% 6th National Report Coverage


8.17% With management effectiveness evaluations

27,579km2 Areas Assessed

Marine Protected Areas Coverage

11.99% Coverage

9,526km2 Marine and Coastal Area Protected

79,468km2 Marine Area Protected

17% 6th National Report Coverage


3.77% With management effectiveness evaluations

2,995km2 Areas Assessed

Disclaimer: These statistics might differ from those reported officially by countries due to difference in methodologies and datasets used to assess protected area coverage and differences in the base maps used to measure terrestrial and marine area of a country or territory.

IUCN Management Categories

Governance types

Sources (7)

  1. Common Database on Designated Areas as provided by the European Environment Agency (EEA) Updated: 2020 European Environment Agency (EEA)
  2. Ramsar Wetlands of International Importance Updated: 2020 Ramsar Secretariat, on behalf of Ramsar Contracting Parties
  3. UNESCO World Heritage Sites Updated: 2020 IUCN World Heritage Programme
  4. Natura 2000 Updated: 2020 Directorate-General for Environment (EU) via EEA
  5. HELCOM Baltic Sea Protected Areas (BSPA) Updated: 2020 Helsinki Commission (HELCOM) (Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission), Katajanokanlaituri 6 B, FI-00160, Helsinki, Finland
  6. Linnunsuo, Finland Updated: 2018 Snowchange Cooperative
  7. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve Updated: 2018 UNESCO-MAB


National designations

  • National Park 40
  • Wilderness Area 12
  • Strict Nature Reserve 19
  • State Nature Reserve 420
  • Protected Mire 166
  • Old Growth Forest Reserve 77
  • Herb Rich Forest Reserve 46
  • Private Nature Reserve 11357
  • Grey Seal Protection Area 7
  • Temporary Protection Order 171
  • State Forest Protected By Decision Of The Forest And Park Service 24
  • Protected Habitat Type 1185
  • Site Of Species Under Strict Protection 260

Regional designations

  • Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 1714
  • Baltic Sea Protected Area (HELCOM) 28
  • Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 470

International designations

  • UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 2
  • Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 47
  • World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 1

Growth in protected area coverage

The graph excludes status years with no information reported (STAT_YR = 0).

Finland Protected Areas

View all


UNEP-WCMC (2020). Protected Area Profile for Finland from the World Database of Protected Areas, October 2020. Available at: