North America

44542 Total Protected Areas
118 With management effectiveness evaluations
Terrestrial Protected Areas
Marine Protected Areas
Other effective area-based conservation measures
136 Total Other effective area-based conservation measures
3 Number of countries
Polygons/Points ratio
Polygons 100%
Points 0%

Terrestrial Protected Areas Coverage

11.41% Coverage

2,218,301km2 Land Area Protected

19445662km2 Total Land Area

Marine Protected Areas Coverage

23.7% Coverage

3,388,991km2 Marine and Coastal Area Protected

14301943km2 Marine Area Protected

Disclaimer: These statistics might differ from those reported officially by countries due to difference in methodologies and datasets used to assess protected area coverage and differences in the base maps used to measure terrestrial and marine area of a country or territory.

IUCN Management Categories

Governance types

Sources (15)

  1. Canadian Protected and Conserved Areas Database Updated: 2020 Environment and Climate Change Canada
  2. UNESCO World Heritage Sites Updated: 2020 IUCN World Heritage Programme
  3. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve Updated: 2018 UNESCO-MAB
  4. Aires Protégées du Québec Updated: 2019 ministère de l’Environnement et de la Lutte contre les changements climatiques
  5. Ramsar Wetlands of International Importance Updated: 2020 Ramsar Secretariat, on behalf of Ramsar Contracting Parties
  6. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserves Updated: 2003 UNESCO-MAB
  7. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve Updated: 2004 Bureau of the International Co-ordinating Council of the MAB Programme (MAB-ICC) (18th Sesssion), UNESCO HQ Paris
  8. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserves Updated: 2012 UNESCO-MAB and UNEP-WCMC
  9. Common Database on Designated Areas as provided by the European Environment Agency (EEA) Updated: 2020 European Environment Agency (EEA)
  10. Protected Areas Database of the United States (PADUS 2.0) Updated: 2020 U.S. Geological Survey | Science Analytics and Synthesis | Gap Analysis Project (GAP) | Protected Areas Database of the United States 2.0
  11. World Heritage Sites and Man and Biosphere Reserves in the USA Updated: 1990 US Geological Survey, USA
  12. Federal Lands Layer (Fed2M) and Wilderness Status Maps Updated: 1992 Remote Sensing Research Unit, University of California, Santa Barbara
  13. USAADM and Wilderness Status Maps Updated: 1986 USAADM (National Mapping Division: USGS); Wilderness Status Maps from Bureau of Land Management (BLM) 1986-1993 [1:1,000,000]
  14. Close-Up USA Map Series Updated: 1988 National Geographic, USA
  15. Cartagena Convention Updated: 2017 UNEP-CEP

Designations

National designations

44497
  • Marine Reserve 4
  • Nature Reserve 108
  • National Park 126
  • Marine Park 1
  • Forest Reserve 48
  • National Marine Park 1
  • National Reserve 1
  • Nature Park 32
  • Wildlife Refuge 109
  • Marine Protected Area 847
  • Conservation Park 7
  • Wilderness Park 32
  • State Park 558
  • Migratory Bird Sanctuary 76
  • Protected Area 112
  • Wildlife Sanctuary 119
  • Wildlife Reserve 9
  • Wilderness Area 383
  • National Monument 42
  • Recreation Park 11
  • State Reserve 8
  • Natural Reserve 18
  • Sanctuary 189
  • Scenic Reserve 26
  • Reserve 184
  • Experimental Range 1
  • Ecological Reserve 342
  • Conservation Area 1318
  • National Wildlife Refuge 570
  • State Wildlife Management Area 2025
  • Wildlife Management Area 2022
  • Provincial Park 476
  • Ecological reserve 72
  • Natural Environment Park 11
  • A - Park 628
  • Territorial Park 11
  • Regional Park 7
  • White-tailed deer yard 52
  • Historic Site 2
  • Game Refuge 32
  • Botanical Reserve 1
  • National Recreation Area 7
  • Bird Sanctuary 19
  • Forest Park 3
  • Forest 220
  • Natural Area 1104
  • Aquatic Reserve 1
  • National Wildlife Area 56
  • Waterfowl Production Area 1549
  • Refuge 69
  • Bird Refuge 5
  • Land Acquired By Conservatoire Du Littoral (National Seaside And Lakeside Conservancy) 2
  • Recreation Area 109
  • Wilderness Reserve 2
  • Conservancy 156
  • National Scenic Area 1
  • Protected Natural Area 208
  • State Forest 265
  • Wilderness Study Area 519
  • Wilderness 520
  • Natural Preserve 63
  • State Recreation Area 578
  • State Conservation Area 144
  • National Historic Site 17
  • National Military Park 2
  • State Game Sanctuary 2
  • Cliff inhabited by a colony of birds 6
  • Water fowl gathering area 694
  • Scenic Area 14
  • Nature Preserve 1238
  • State Marine Park 31
  • C - Park 13
  • B - Park 1
  • Territorial Park - Community Park 2
  • Conservation Reserve 295
  • Privately Owned Natural Area 63
  • Provincially Owned Natural Area 74
  • Provincial Wildlife Management Area 19
  • Island or peninsula inhabited by a colony of birds 106
  • Research Natural Area 460
  • Proposed aquatic reserve 10
  • Wildlife preserve 8
  • Old-growth forest 144
  • Wildlife Area 886
  • National Conservation Area 19
  • Critical Habitat Area 14
  • National Memorial 3
  • National Forest 18
  • Research or Educational Area 1
  • Battlefield State Park 2
  • Nature Sanctuary 25
  • State Nature Preserve 46
  • Park Reserve 1
  • Wildland Provincial Park 41
  • Proposed ecological reserve 3
  • Wetland 82
  • City Park 2
  • Area of Critical Environmental Concern 880
  • Private Conservation Land 1117
  • Restricted Area 2
  • Heronry 75
  • Muskrat habitat 129
  • Habitat of a threatened or vulnerable wildlife species 30
  • Recognized nature reserve 226
  • Habitat of a threatened or vulnerable plant species 31
  • Proposed biodiversity reserve 85
  • Biodiversity reserve 5
  • Coastal Preserve 4
  • Bottom Fish Recovery Area 5
  • Coastal Reserve 16
  • Special Management Area 1
  • Audubon Society Preserve or Sanctuary 21
  • National Historical Park 9
  • State Wildlife Area 97
  • Private Conservation 4138
  • Preserve 1778
  • Recreation River 6
  • Wild Area 18
  • State Habitat Area 22
  • Land And Water Reserve 29
  • Fish And Wildlife Area 23
  • Research Area 13
  • Heritage Preserve 31
  • State Natural Area 230
  • Local Recreation Area 111
  • Waterfowl Management Area 4
  • Wildlife Management Area and Public Fishing Area 1
  • Riparian & Big Game Habitat 3
  • State Wildlife Reserve/Management Area 130
  • Primitive Area 20
  • State Research Area 14
  • State Historic Site 22
  • Wildlife Habitat Management Area 55
  • Local Conservation Area 387
  • State Natural Area Preserve 66
  • National River 2
  • Wetlands 146
  • Designated State Natural Area 4
  • Conservation Easement 855
  • Local Land Trust Preserve 2
  • Reservation 140
  • Wild and Scenic River 169
  • Private Recreation or Education 403
  • Memorial Forest 17
  • Natural Resource Management Area 10
  • National Natural Landmark 19
  • Designated - Wild 52
  • State Range Area 2
  • Easement 724
  • Natural Environment Area 7
  • Forest Preserve 133
  • Fishing Area 3
  • Local Park 295
  • National Battlefield 3
  • Municipal Forest 1
  • Aquatic Management Area 313
  • Game Area 81
  • TNC Preserve 1
  • National Preserve 10
  • Waterfowl 4
  • Wildlife Management Area Other 5
  • Wildlife and Environmental Area 9
  • Designated - Recreational 32
  • State Conservation Area or Park 85
  • Wildlife Center 2
  • Fish and Wildlife purposes 1
  • Big Game Habitat 2
  • Watershed 71
  • Estuary or Marsh 19
  • Scenic River 22
  • National Scenic Riverway 9
  • Wildlife Habitat Area 27
  • Recreation Management Area 18
  • Experimental Forest 8
  • Ranch Easement 10
  • State Natural Area (GADNR) 3
  • Geological Area 2
  • Habitat Area 51
  • National Wild and Scenic River 3
  • Memorial Preserve Trust 1
  • Watershed Withdrawal 1
  • Small Game Habitat 1
  • Lud Ii Management Area 11
  • Game Farm 1
  • Federal Aviation Administration 1
  • Habitat Protection Area 9
  • Wildlife And Fish Refuge 2
  • Resource Management Area 19
  • Wild Forest 53
  • State Land 60
  • State Forest Preserve 20
  • Preserve State Park 22
  • State Resource Management Area 3
  • Private Other or Unknown 47
  • State Historical Park 1
  • Shoreline 11
  • Seabird Sanctuary 30
  • State Seabird Sanctuary 1
  • Wilderness Preserve 11
  • Natural Area Reserve 19
  • Island Reserve 4
  • Plant Sanctuary 2
  • Open Space 68
  • Fishing Lake And Wildlife Area 17
  • Natural History Reservation 1
  • Local Lake 3
  • Wildlife Preserve 46
  • National Scenic Trail 2
  • State Preserve 68
  • Resort 1
  • Scout Camp 4
  • Scientific And Natural Area 1
  • State Park And Historic Site 1
  • State Wild or Scenic River 34
  • Reservoir 46
  • Unknown Easement 316
  • Access 284
  • National Fish Hatchery 6
  • Species Preservation 1
  • PRIVATE 7
  • Dog Hunting Area 8
  • Other State Managed Area 2
  • Greenway 50
  • Estuarine Research Reserve 1
  • State Lands 6
  • Outstanding Natural Area 3
  • Designated - Scenic 16
  • Wild River 3
  • Migratory Bird Management Area 1
  • Game Range 3
  • Public Fishing Area 4
  • Winter Range And Wildlife Refuge 1
  • Geothermal Area 1
  • Streamside Zone Withdrawal 14
  • Memorial Parkway 1
  • Battlefield 6
  • Stage Station 1
  • State Trust Lands 2
  • County Park 9
  • Conservation Land 57
  • Natural Zone 1
  • Monument 3
  • Historical Marker 1
  • Greenbelt 63
  • Watershed & Utility Lands 1
  • Water Works 2
  • Watershed Preserve 7
  • Watersheds 4
  • Local Land Trust 85
  • Wetland Preserve 13
  • Scenic Corridor 1
  • Marine Park Addition 1
  • Wetlands Preserve 16
  • Estuary 14
  • Tidelands 3
  • Road Monitor 2
  • Surge Plain 1
  • Wildlife Corridor 9
  • Historical Society 3
  • Trust Land 1
  • Wildlife Area Complex 18
  • Corridor 49
  • SCENIC EASEMENT 19
  • Mitigation Site 5
  • Nature Conservancy Fee Land 1
  • Natural Area Preserve 50
  • Natural Resources Conservation Area 32
  • County Conservation Land 5
  • Open Space Preserve 82
  • Botanical Preserve 1
  • Gardens 15
  • Library 1
  • Mitigation Bank 47
  • Trails 10
  • Mitigation 22
  • Other Easement 33
  • Restoration Area 2
  • Arboretum 32
  • Fish Hatchery 9
  • Boat Landing 1
  • School 18
  • Nature Area 83
  • Botanical Area 8
  • Unknown 113
  • Cemetery 8
  • Conservation Preserve 20
  • Sanctuary Natural Area 1
  • City Natural Area 67
  • River Corridor 10
  • Natural Heritage Landmark 2
  • State Trail 1
  • Wildlife Habitat 12
  • Natural Resource Area 4
  • Research Station 4
  • Nature Center 48
  • Access Area 4
  • Fishing Access 5
  • Wildlife And Natural Area 1
  • Garden 13
  • State Game Land 2
  • Reserve Program 2310
  • Parkland 5
  • Forest Management 10
  • State Forest Nursery 2
  • Natural Area State Park 1
  • Conservation Area State Park 3
  • Environmental System 248
  • Local Other or Unknown 172
  • Unique Area 28
  • State Other or Unknown 15
  • Forest Stewardship Easement 21
  • Watershed Protection Area 30
  • Town Forest 10
  • Memorial Wildlife Refuge 5
  • Wildlife Sanctuaries 1
  • Agricultural Easement 28
  • Wild Bird Sanctuary 2
  • Museum 3
  • Fields 12
  • Wooded Lot 77
  • Buffer 16
  • Parkway 4
  • Private Park 1
  • Memorial Tract 2
  • Country Club 4
  • Natural Area Extension 1
  • Waterfowl Habitat 1
  • Research Center 3
  • Forest Management Area 3
  • Reforestation Area 1
  • Wetland Area 4
  • Ecoreserve 1
  • College 8
  • Theater 1
  • Heritage Conservation 29
  • Wildflower Sanctuary 2
  • Natural Area Site 3
  • State Park Trail 2
  • National Marine Conservation Area 3
  • Wildlife Park 1
  • Ecological Reserve / Traditional Use Planning Area 1
  • Provincial Forest 2
  • Ecological Reserve / Provincial Park 1
  • Heritage Rangeland 3
  • Provincial Recreation Area 6
  • Protected Through Indigenous Land Claim Agreement - Heritage Resource 1
  • Protected Through Indigenous Land Claim Agreement 1
  • Territorial Park - Historic Park 2
  • State Natural Site 11
  • Wildife Habitat Area 1
  • Migration Corridor 1
  • Non-Governmental Preserve 2
  • City Nature Center/Preserve 3
  • County Natural Area 4
  • County Nature Center/Preserve 2
  • Local Land Trust Park 3
  • Local Land Trust Lands 21
  • National Land Trust Lands 4
  • Data not available 1
  • Greenbelt Park 2
  • Biological Preserve 4
  • Crown Pasture 63
  • Valued Natural Habitat 17
  • Valued Ecosystem 3
  • Provincial Pasture 51
  • Historic Park 9
  • Representative Area Ecological Reserve 40
  • Recreation Site 106
  • Game Preserve 26
  • Wildlife Habitat Protection 1
  • Saskatchewan Watershed Authority 1
  • Fish and Wildlife Development Fund Land 1
  • Traditional Use Planning Area 4
  • Private Land 184
  • Private Conservation Lands 1
  • Rare forest ecosystem 62
  • Marine park 1
  • Biological refuge 2757
  • Forest refuge 18
  • Salt lick 5
  • Anadromous Spawning Area 4
  • Audubon Society Sanctuary or Preserve 3
  • Biological Station 6
  • Botanical State Park 2
  • City Beach 1
  • City Managed Area 3
  • City Wetland 2
  • Conservation Lands 1
  • County Managed Area 138
  • Marina 1
  • Mitigation Area 12
  • Watershed Protection 290
  • Environmental Center 4
  • City Preserve 6
  • Non-Governmental Lands 45
  • National Scenic or Historic Trail 12
  • County Preserve 6
  • National Estuarine Research Reserve 13
  • Mitigation Land 2
  • Regional (Metro District) Natural Area 3
  • Nature Center and Planetarium 1
  • Nature Center and Wetlands 1
  • Beach Park 6
  • Mitigation Park 1
  • Marine Preserve 1
  • Other Private Managed Area 3
  • Private Preserve 4
  • Research Station and Land Conservancy 1
  • State University Managed Area 15
  • Watershed Management Area 1
  • Wetlands Bank 1
  • Proposed Wilderness 8
  • Island / Marshland 1
  • Wildlife State Park 1
  • Plant Preserve 13
  • Fee Simple 12
  • Game Field 4
  • Satellite Center 1
  • Wetland Preserve Tract 1
  • Greenspace 27
  • Recommended 1
  • Recommended Wilderness 11
  • Restrictive Covenant (DOD/DOE) 35
  • Proposed Wilderness Area 27
  • Parkway Mitigation 1
  • Protection Area (National) 4
  • County Preserve or Natural Area 7
  • Riparian Habitat 2
  • Wetland Mitigation Bank 2
  • Military Reservation 2
  • Regional Preserve 2
  • University System of Georgia Board of Regents (BOR) 7
  • University Biological Preserve 2
  • Still Hunting Area 8
  • Golf Course 6
  • State Conservation Land 3
  • City Forest 1
  • Community Garden 2
  • Gila Topminnow 1
  • Restoration Site 1
  • Wildlife Conservation Easement 1
  • Preservation Site 3
  • Private Nature Preserve 5
  • Nature Trail 4
  • Wildlife Habitat Protection Area 1
  • Trail Easement 1
  • County Historic Site 1
  • City Preserve or Natural Area 2
  • Cave Protection Area 1
  • Tnc Conservation Easement 1
  • Riparian 1
  • Road Mitigation 4
  • Airport 5
  • Maritime Forest 1
  • NGO Preserve 4
  • Habitat 2
  • Protection Area (Administrative) 1
  • Wild & Scenic River Corridor 4
  • Preserve Easement 4
  • Ecological Research Center 1
  • Alaska State Selection 1
  • City Lake 13
  • Conservation Education Center 1
  • Zoological Area 3
  • Botanical Gardens 7
  • Riverway 3
  • Land Trust Site 1
  • Other NPS Protected Area 1
  • Nature Center and Trails 1
  • National Monument Wilderness 1
  • Unspecified Water Management Land 1
  • National Estuarine Research Reserve / Research 1
  • Private With Easement or Covenant 1
  • Recreation 12
  • Admin Site 1
  • County Hunting Land 1
  • Hunting Lease 1
  • Wetlands Park 1
  • Potential Wilderness Area 1
  • Park Site 3
  • Habitat, NRDAR Settlement 1
  • Handicap Area 2
  • Non-game 1
  • Riparian Area management 1
  • Conservation Area (GADNR) 1
  • Private Without Easement or Covenant 1
  • BLM_CMPA 1
  • Beach Dunes 1
  • Greentree 1
  • Future Park 2
  • Jackson Hole Land Trust 1
  • NO Hunting 1
  • National Wild & Scenic River 1
  • Research Center / Fish Hatchery 1
  • City Green Space 1
  • Land Use Exclusion Zone in Indigenous land use plan 1
  • National Urban Park 1
  • Canadian Landmark 1
  • First Nation Settlement Land 2
  • Flathead Watershed Area 1
  • Other Effective Area-Based Conservation Measure 59
  • WHA Specific 1
  • Resource Management Zone 1
  • Conservation zone in regional land use plan 45
  • Heritage Conservation Zone in regional land use plan 13
  • Privately Owned Conservation Area 1
  • Canadian Forces Base 1
  • Sea to Sky Wildland Areas 1
  • Wildlife Preserve & Park 1
  • National Volcanic Monument 1
  • State Unique Area 1
  • Research Forest 1
  • Beach Dunes and Groins 1
  • Agricultural Lands 2
  • Archaeological Preserve State Park 1
  • Battleground 1
  • Botanical/Arboretum Garden 3
  • Campground 33
  • Community Center 1
  • Community Park 1
  • Conservation Management Area 1
  • County Farm 1
  • Dog Park 1
  • Education Center 1
  • Environmental Study Area 1
  • Experimental Research Area 1
  • Federal Other or Unknown 1
  • Greens 1
  • Hatchery 2
  • Heritage Area 4
  • Historic or Cultural Easement 7
  • Historic State Park 1
  • Local Non-Profit Conservation Area 1
  • Local Resource Management Area 5
  • Managment Area 1
  • Memorial Land 17
  • National Historic Landmark 2
  • National Lakeshore 4
  • National Scenic And Research Area 1
  • National Seashore 8
  • Non-Profit Fee Simple Holding 1
  • NON TRUST 1
  • Nursery 1
  • Other/Unknown 1
  • PARKREC 1
  • Playfield 1
  • Playground 3
  • Regional Open Space 1
  • Registered Natural Area 1
  • Research Farm 2
  • Rifle Range 1
  • Sports Complex 1
  • Sportsman's/Gun/Hunting/Fishing Club 3
  • State Buffer Preserve 1
  • State Multiple Use Area 11
  • State Owned Tidal Lands 1
  • State Wayside 1
  • State Wilderness 1
  • Trail Corridor 4
  • Trail Park 1
  • Treatment Plant 1
  • VIMS Fee-Simple 1
  • Fee-Simple Ownership by Environmental Non-Governmental Conservation Organization 129
  • Provincially Significant Life Science Area of Natural and Scientific Interest 3
  • Special Protection Natural Environment Park 1
  • Marine National Wildlife Area 1
  • Marine Protected Area By Ministerial Order 1

Regional designations

4
  • Specially Protected Area (Cartagena Convention) 4

International designations

157
  • UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 59
  • World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 24
  • Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 74

North America Protected Areas

View all

citation

UNEP-WCMC (2020). Protected Area Profile for North America from the World Database of Protected Areas, October 2020. Available at: www.protectedplanet.net