West Asia

378 Total Protected Areas
65 With management effectiveness evaluations
Terrestrial Protected Areas
Marine Protected Areas
Other effective area-based conservation measures
0 Total Other effective area-based conservation measures
12 Number of countries
Polygons/Points ratio
Polygons 84%
Points 16%

Terrestrial Protected Areas Coverage

3.81% Coverage

134,634km2 Land Area Protected

3533476km2 Total Land Area

Marine Protected Areas Coverage

1.1% Coverage

15,865km2 Marine and Coastal Area Protected

1443769km2 Marine Area Protected

Disclaimer: These statistics might differ from those reported officially by countries due to difference in methodologies and datasets used to assess protected area coverage and differences in the base maps used to measure terrestrial and marine area of a country or territory.

IUCN Management Categories

Governance types

Sources (28)

  1. Protected Areas of Saudi Arabia Updated: 2017 National Commission for Wildlife Conservation and Development (NCWCD), Saudi Arabia
  2. Protected Areas of Jordan Updated: 2020 The Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature, Jordan
  3. Protected Areas of Oman Updated: 2014 Ministry of Environment and Climate Affairs
  4. Protected Areas of Lebanon Updated: 2014 Department of Ecosystems, Ministry of Environment
  5. Aqaba Marine Park Updated: 2020 Aqaba Special Economic Zone Authority (ASEZA)
  6. Protected Areas of Kuwait Updated: 2016 Environmental Monitoring Information System of Kuwait (eMISK), Environmental Inspection, Monitoring and Emergency Department (EIMED), Biodiversity and Living Resources Department, Environment Public Authority (EPA), Kuwait
  7. Protected Areas of Iraq Updated: 2020 Ministry of Environment of Iraq
  8. Protected Areas of United Arab Emirates Updated: 2020 Director, Biodiversity Department, Environment Affair and Nature Conservation Sector, Ministry of Climate Change and Environment
  9. Ramsar Wetlands of International Importance Updated: 2020 Ramsar Secretariat, on behalf of Ramsar Contracting Parties
  10. Protected areas of Qatar Updated: 2020 Ministry of Municipality and Environment of Qatar
  11. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserves Updated: 2012 UNESCO-MAB and UNEP-WCMC
  12. UNESCO World Heritage Sites Updated: 2020 IUCN World Heritage Programme
  13. Specially Protected Areas of Mediterranean Importance Updated: 2020 Regional Activity Centre for Specially Protected Areas (RAC/SPA)
  14. Protected Areas of the State of Palestine Updated: 2019 Environmental Resources Directorate-Environment Quality Authority Environment Quality Authority
  15. Source is currently unknown Updated: - Not Reported
  16. Protected Areas Updated: 1980 Not Reported
  17. Bentael Updated: 1996 UNEP, Nairobi, Kenya
  18. Protected areas of Lebanon Updated: 1983 Not Reported
  19. Cholistan Updated: 1986 Not Reported
  20. Soufriere Marine Management Association Website Updated: 2004 UNEP-WCMC
  21. Jabal Bura valley forest Updated: 1985 Not Reported
  22. Protected areas Yemen Updated: 1988 UNEP/IUCN
  23. Protected Areas of Bahrain Updated: 2003 National Commission for Wildlife Protection, Bahrein
  24. Marine protected areas in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden Updated: 2002 The Regional Organization for the Conservation of the Environment in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden (PERSGA) & Global Environmental Facility (GEF)
  25. Protected Areas Updated: 1976 Not Reported
  26. Protected areas of Yemen Updated: 1990 Not Reported
  27. Mediterranean Marine Protected Areas Updated: 2005 Not Reported
  28. UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve Updated: 2018 UNESCO-MAB

Designations

National designations

336
  • Nature Reserve 96
  • National Park 10
  • Biological Reserve 1
  • Marine Park 1
  • Forest Reserve 7
  • Marine Protected Area 5
  • Protected Area 73
  • Marine National Park 3
  • Wildlife Reserve 1
  • Natural Park 1
  • Natural Reserve 28
  • Biosphere Reserve 1
  • Reserve 23
  • Wetland Reserve 1
  • Game Management Area 2
  • Special Nature Reserve 11
  • Resource Use Reserve 17
  • Not Reported 3
  • Geo-park 1
  • Eco-Park 2
  • Protection/Protected Forest 1
  • Proposed Nature Reserve 5
  • Marine Park (AMP) 1
  • Private Ranch 1
  • Coral Reef Area 16
  • Inviolable Sanctuary 2
  • Hima/RUR 2
  • Private Protected Area 2
  • Special Conservation Area 10
  • Fenced Area 1
  • Military Reserve 2
  • Hima/Recreation Area 1
  • Hima/BR 2
  • Wildife Park 1
  • Scientific Research Park 1
  • Breeding Station 1

Regional designations

2
  • Specially Protected Areas of Mediterranean Importance (Barcelona Convention) 2

International designations

40
  • Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 26
  • UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 11
  • World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 3

West Asia Protected Areas

View all

citation

UNEP-WCMC (2020). Protected Area Profile for West Asia from the World Database of Protected Areas, October 2020. Available at: www.protectedplanet.net