The IUCN Green List of Protected and Conserved Areas programme aims to improve the contribution of equitably governed and effectively managed protected areas to nature conservation and sustainable development, through the provision of associated social, economic, cultural, and spiritual values. The overarching objective of the programme is to increase and recognise the number of effectively managed and equitably governed protected and conserved areas, to deliver conservation outcomes.
The Global Standard of the IUCN Green List of Protected and Conserved Areas provides a global benchmark for how to meet the environmental challenges of the 21st century. It is also a capacity development tool for protected areas, and helps to identify which aspects of protected and conserved areas need to be strengthened. By focusing efforts on these aspects, it is more likely that success will be achieved.
A protected or conserved area that reaches the IUCN Green List Standard is certified and recognised as achieving ongoing results for people and nature in a fair and effective way. Any site can join, and work its way towards achieving verified success, and then maintain the Standard or further improve.
Any protected and conserved area that gains ‘Green List’ status demonstrates:
For more information about the IUCN Green List of Protected and Conserved Areas and the associated global Standard, visit the IUCN Green List Website.
More than 50 countries have signed up to implement the IUCN Green List of Protected and Conserved Areas.
Protected Planet provides information about sites that have:
Site managers at these sites have committed to implement the Standard for the IUCN Green List of Protected and Conserved Area and are at varying stages of implementation. Following successful implementation of the Standard across all four of its components, the sites will be nominated for Green List Status.
The sites that were evaluated according to the IUCN Standard for the Green List of Protected and Conserved Areas and demonstrated fair and transparent sharing of the costs and benefits of conservation, effective management and long-lasting conservation outcomes.
Due to the vast scale of the global protected and conserved area network the proportion that has been Green Listed remains relatively small for now.
Despite still being comparatively few in number the area covered by Green Listed protected and conserved areas continues to increase at a significant rate.
Green Listed protected and conserved areas are also currently still spatially hetereogenous - focussed on a handful of countries and territories.
265,170 Protected Areas
The World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) is the most comprehensive global database on terrestrial and marine protected areas.
21,013 Protected Areas
Comprising many thousands of assessments of how well a protected area is being managed – primarily the extent to which it is protecting values and achieving goals and objectives.
OECMs complement protected areas through sustained, positive conservation outcomes, even though they may be managed primarily for other reasons. They are documented in the World Database on OECMs.
The ICCA Registry website is an online information platform for territories and areas conserved by indigenous peoples and local communities (ICCAs), where communities themselves provide data, case studies, maps, photos and stories.
119 Protected Areas
The IUCN Green List is a new global standard for protected areas. The list recognises success in achieving conservation outcomes and measures progress in effective management of protected areas.
Beyond protected and conserved areas what is the contribution of ecological corridors to achieving global conservation goals?
Equity relates to how fairly a protected area is governed: who has a say in decisions, how decisions are taken, and how the costs and benefits are shared.
18,983 Protected Areas
Over 70% of the surface of Earth is ocean, comprised of highly diverse ecosystems, and providing a wide range of marine ecosystem services that support human society, health and the economy. This website presents the most recent official coverage statistics for marine protected areas.
Tracking progress towards global targets for protected areas