The Global Database on Protected Area Management Effectiveness (GD-PAME) is the most comprehensive global database of management effectiveness assessments for protected areas. It indicates if a protected area documented in the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA) has been assessed. The GD-PAME is a searchable database that includes assessments submitted by a wide range of governmental and non-governmental organizations to UNEP-WCMC and is updated on a monthly basis.
If you have more information on protected areas management effectiveness that you would like to share with us, or would like to submit data to the GD-PAME, please email us at protect[email protected]
There has been significant growth in the global protected area network over the past few decades. However, despite an increase in protected area coverage, biodiversity continues to decline, even within some protected areas.
Protected Area Management Effectiveness (PAME) evaluations, can be defined as: “the assessment of how well protected areas are being managed – primarily the extent to which management is protecting values and achieving goals and objectives" (Hockings et al. 2006). Evaluation of management effectiveness is recognised as a vital component of responsive, pro-active protected area management.
As of 2006, protected area management effectiveness (PAME) is embedded within biodiversity commitments made by Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). The most recent commitment is found within the post 2020 Biodiversity Framework Target 2.4., calling for “effective management and equitable governance of the system of protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures”. UNEP-WCMC is mandated by the CBD to collect information on Protected Area Management Effectiveness.
The GD-PAME User Manual provides information and guidance on the GD-PAME and its history. This includes information on the PAME evaluations it contains, how these are collected, managed and distributed, and how the PAME information should be interpreted and used for analyses and research. The Manual has been prepared for GD-PAME data providers and users. It contains the following four sections:
- An introduction to PAME and the GD-PAME.
- Describes the GD-PAME Data Standards that ensure the data are supplied in a common format that is globally interoperable and useable.
- Explains how the GD-PAME is compiled through a quality control process underpinned by the GD-PAME data standards.
- Addresses the use of the GD-PAME, including how it can be accessed and how it should be cited.
The GD-PAME user manual is a dynamic and evolving document. It is recommended that all parties interested in using information from the GD-PAME read these guidelines prior to using the GD-PAME for any research purposes, or for analyses that will inform policy or decision making. For any queries regarding collation, use, or processing of the database, or any feedback regarding this manual please contact [email protected]
For further background information on management effectiveness evaluations in protected areas please refer to:
Geldmann, J., Coad, L., Barnes, M., Craigie, I.D., Hockings, M., Knights, K., Leverington, F., Cuadros, I.C., Zamora, C., Woodley, S. and Burgess, N.D., 2015. Changes in protected area management effectiveness over time: A global analysis. Biological Conservation, 191, pp.692-699.
Leverington, F., Costa, K.L., Pavese, H., Lisle, A. and Hockings, M., 2010. A global analysis of protected area management effectiveness. Environmental management, 46(5), pp.685-698.
Hockings, M., Stolton, S., Leverington, F., Dudley, N. and Courrau, J. (2006). Evaluating Effectiveness: A framework for assessing management effectiveness of protected areas. 2nd edition. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. xiv + 105 pp.